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10 avtoispitania, who invented, forgotten and invented again

Robot, CVT, ABS… — I think it was all in the past couple of decades? But, no!Sergey Kanunnikov “driving”Expert

Sometimes it seems that everything important (multimedia bells and whistles don’t count!) invented long before our time. Partly and even largely it was. For example, the driveshaft and the tie-line was invented way before cars. Only then will these inventions were almost useless. So early cars no gimbal was not, and the front axle has turned entirely. And then automotive engineers “invented” anew has already been invented. And such examples in history are many. Sometimes new devices have not been popular because it was ahead of its time — was too expensive and technologically challenging. Well, or just the “extra” cars — the age of inventors and discoverers not appropriate for their technical level.

The hybrid powerplant

One of the most characteristic examples is loudly advertised in the beginning of this century hybrid cars. But a century before them now forgotten Viennese company Lohner with the help of Ferdinand Porsche was created a machine with a 3.5-horsepower gasoline engine and a motor-wheel electric motors. And there was and all-wheel drive version! But then such a construction is perceived as a technical curiosity: it was nice, but unnecessary. In a few decades, similar hybrid design used on dump trucks BelAZ. And after about half a century opened it again. Of course, on another technological level. No wonder — a hundred years ago.

Hybrid four-wheel drive Lohner-Porsche, four-wheel-drive Hybrid 1900 Lohner-Porsche, 1900

Front-wheel drive

Cars with front-wheel drive, one of the main advantages of which is the manufacturability of the Assembly, mass of steel in the sixties and seventies. But the first such crew, strictly speaking steam wagon, cugnot EIGHTEENTH century. The second time the front-wheel design invented by the Austrian firm Graf & Stift in the late nineteenth century. In the 1920s, front-wheel drive cars were done in a variety of classes — from the popular DKW compacts to prestige powerful car Cord. Forty years later, the company became proud to say that they were able to adapt front-wheel drive (though not with double universal joints, and constant velocity joints) including to the Executive cars.

The first front wheel drive car: Graf & Stift, 1897, the First front wheel drive car: Graf & Stift, 1897

Disc brakes

Disc brakes on Jaguar sport in the early 1950s, was perceived almost as a sensation. Gradually, this design was registered on the models of all classes. And the first workable disc brakes tested on the car Lanchester in 1902. to Say the truth, they are terribly creaky. But the main thing — at speeds that developed the vehicles of the early twentieth century, disc brakes were simply not very necessary.

Disc brake British Lanchester, 1902 Disc brake British Lanchester, 1902

Robotized transmission

Prototypes of modern robotic transmissions, a number of firms commercially used back in the 1930s. However, the pedals on those machines was still three. But instead of a massive shift lever under the steering wheel there was a small selector. The driver pre-selected the next gear, and included it in the clutch pedal. By the way, worked this farm as fast as modern robots with one clutch.

The prototype of the modern robot — a box with pre-selection and transmission of the vehicle Alvis, 1935, the prototype of the modern robot — a box with pre-selection and transmission of the vehicle Alvis, 1935

Start the engine with buttons

Even such a trifle as the start engine button without key advertised in the beginning of this century, still widely used in the 1930s, in particular German cars. And the key they used not only for doors, but to unlock the steering column.

Lockable steering column and start the engine without a key for Mercedes-Benz 320, 1938, Lockable steering column and start the engine without a key for Mercedes-Benz 320, 1938

Convertible with hard top

The first convertible hard top automatically retractable electrically, appeared in 1934. The roof, however, was solid. The company Peugeot even tried to run this version in the series, but the demand was minuscule. Then a similar design in the late 1950s, was invented by the Americans, and later retractable hardtop ceased to be exotic.

Peugeot 401 Eclipse.Peugeot 401 Eclipse.

Plastic body panels

Plastic body panels is not that revelation. To experiment with them were the Germans in the second half of the 1930s. the Reason was simple: lack of metal that was in the military industry, but is still a high demand for cars. However, in a series of DKW F9 then go. But after the war, these materials began to be used not only in a sports car Chevrolet Corvette, but structurally advanced mass East German cars AWZ, later turned into a Trabant.

DKW F9 with plastic body panels.DKW F9 with plastic body panels.

CVT

Serial the CVT first appeared in 1958 on the Dutch car DAF 600. However, he was rugged, and was much less reliable. But still workable. And the first car with a continuously variable transmission tested, by the way, in the early twentieth century.

CVT, the DAF 600 1958 DAF 600 CVT, 1958

Belts

Fathers serial belts mid-twentieth-century predecessors is not particularly referred to. But first straps had tried again before the First world war. A serial in 1948 tried to do an American entrepreneur Preston Tucker for his Tucker Torpedo. Then the wall stood up marketers, rightly claiming that customers will perceive the car with straps is unsafe! So the straps in Tucker and have not delivered. Yes, and I made only about fifty cars. However, for very different reasons.

Tucker Torpedo is planned to be equipped with seat belts.Tucker Torpedo is planned to be equipped with seat belts.

ABS

Automotive ABS systems in bulk into the mass consumer consciousness was introduced in the second half of the seventies. And the first production car with ABS Dunlop — British Jensen FF appeared in 1966.

Serial Jensen FF with the ABS system.Serial Jensen FF with the ABS system.

His system was an adaptation, of course — is borrowed from the plane. Worked, though, talking rude, but still worked. But then, like many others, ABS was brought to new technical and most importantly — the consumer level, and therefore is now considered to be an innovation of a very different time.

10 avtoispitania, who invented, forgotten and invented again

Robot, CVT, ABS… — I think it was all in the past couple of decades? But, no!

10 avtoispitania, who invented, forgotten and invented снова10 avtoispitania, who invented, forgotten and invented again

Robot, CVT, ABS… — I think it was all in the past couple of decades? But, no!

10 avtoispitania, who invented, forgotten and invented again

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