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A big test of studded tires: expensive, cheaper and “no”

Such tire tests “at the wheel” has not been a fantastic gap between leaders and outsiders!Dmitry Tests Sergey Mishin “Behind the wheel”

In the top group 205/55 R16 we selected the three most advanced product. The winner of our last year’s test in dimension 195/65 R15 tyres Nokian Hakkapeliitta 9 come from Finland. The novelty of the season — the German Continental IceContact 3 (in this dimension is spike with aluminum housing). One last new product we took for the first time, at the request of readers. Is Michelin X-Ice North 4, brewed in Russia. The first two “top” glistening spikes of two types in one tyre, and the latter brought the number of “studs” up to two hundred and fifty.

Now the share of mid-price range account for about half of sales of tires. Because this group is the most numerous. Popular Nordman 7 made in Russia, but has Finnish roots. Very fresh tire Yokohama iceGUARD iG65 with Japanese ancestry, but also cooked us. Gislaved Nord*Frost 200 from Germany. Here caught up with top models on the number of spikes South Korean Hankook Winter i*Pike RS2. From among the favorites of Russian consumers and quite fresh Japanese tyre Toyo Observe Ice-Freezer Malaysian cooking.

The proportion of budget tires in our market is growing and already exceeds one quarter. Of these, we selected Korean Roadstone WinGuard WinSpike, domestic Viatti Brina Nordico and Tunga Nordway 2. Unable to ignore the Chinese Sailun Ice Blazer WST3, which is of interest to buyers.

Consider the thorns

The requirements of Technical regulations of the Customs Union to limit the number of studs per meter circumference: not more than 60 pieces. So that their maximum dimension is 205/55 R16 119.

Among those selected to test the participants “forehead” that requirement is met only two — Roadstone (98 spikes) and Viatti (92). But in fact they are kept within a stricter limit for “spikes, no seeds”, authorized for sale in the Nordic countries, – 50 studs per meter, or 99 “studs” for this dimension.

The remaining ten manufacturers have used “plan B”. Our Technical rules and the Scandinavian legislation did not limit the number of spikes if the tires wear out the pavement within acceptable limits. This allows you to legally increase the number of “claws” — a measure of the technological capabilities and financial investments in production.

Produce the incentive of progress?

Michelin XIN XIN 4Michelin 4

The emergence of a very strong tyres Michelin XIN 4 caused confusion in terms of the long-established order in the market for studded tires. New, highly raised the bar of our own results, made budget tyres in our test to crash through the floor. Moreover, changed the existing hierarchy studded “tops.” She just walked Nokian HKPL 9 two or three points, specifically pushed from its usual first place, and at a decent distance (more than 20 points). These upheavals surely push many tire manufacturers to undertake improvement of its own products, including due to non-standard technical solutions.

Warning in advance and Continental, which was thrown on the market a new model of IceContact 3: it continues the course the most balanced the tires being a bit stronger Finnish competitor.

Added fuel to the fire with his Hankook model Winter i*Pike RS2, which literally breathing down my neck Nokian HKPL 9. And that all of a sudden made a u-turn, passing a leading position in snow and ice and turned in the direction of the asphalt. Bursting with snow-ice expanse on the city streets? Or is it a distraction in anticipation of the appearance of the new model in the near future?

Golf Tekhnotrak

In the second half of January 2019, we went to Technotrac — ground of the South Korean company Hankook, recently built in the Finnish Arctic. The demanding role of carrier for the tested tire has performed loved by the majority of test-tire manufacturers Volkswagen Golf. Measurements helped us Racelogic VBOX — measuring system based on GPS-GLONASS.

All the “white” of the exercises, we constantly monitored the condition of the coating, starting with a “base” tire and going back to him no later than every two or three scoring sets of tires. Frost from 20 to 25 degrees constantly cheerful, rarely indulging weakening to minus ten.

Cling to the ice

Ice is the most slippery and treacherous surface. It unfolds the main battle “spikes, no seeds”. The first thing to evaluate longitudinal grip — measuring the acceleration time from standstill to 30 km/h and a braking distance from 30 to 5 km/h. the Denouement expected — and acceleration, and when braking, Michelin tires with 250 spikes on each are in front of everyone. The worst performance issues Sailun is also quite predictable. However, the difference in the results incredible! Just think: the “Chinese” values of longitudinal grip for nearly two and a half times worse than the leader!

Slightly recovering himself, was taken for the comparison of cross coupling, which is evaluated by the time of the passage of the ice circle.

Here the superiority of the Michelin spikes didn’t help. The best “sideways” holding Continental and Gislaved and Michelin only shows the second result. The weak transverse “hook” demonstrates Toyo lags behind the leaders by almost 15 %.

And now handling. The ice track is swept, ESP Golf disabled. Forward!

In the process of evaluating driveability on snow feed a Golf course covered with snow-ice crust.In the process of evaluating driveability on snow feed a Golf course covered with snow-ice crust.

More pleased with Michelin all — clear reactions, excellent informative and reliable behavior of Golf wearing these tires. They feel very confident at the wheel even in the slides. The most amazing thing is that it does not desire to launch the car sideways. Smooth and predictable slides allows the beginning to go fast consistently on the verge of collapse.

On the background of the leader of the Continental, Hankook and Nokian is not delighted, though flaws in their behavior was not. But Sailun, Tunga and Roadstone upset strange reactions, unpredictable failures in a long slip and a failure to react to steering and throttle even at the beginning of slippage. They Golf turns into Shaitan-Arba! Don’t understand the roll of the wheel or slide, and steering-wheel becomes useless so can not help. Long time we had ever seen!

Digging up the snow

After completing the tests on the ice, start of snow test. Start with determining the time of acceleration from standstill to 40 km/h and the value of the braking distance from 40 to 5 km/h, performing each measurement offset by a fresh plot of snow-capped plateau.

Overclocking championship belongs to Continental, which managed to beat Michelin, albeit at one-tenth of a second. Outsiders — Roadstone and Tunga, accelerating to 17% longer leader.

Braking returned to favorites Michelin. He is literally on the heels of Gislaved and Continental. Worst result — Tungi, but the gap to the leader at 11%, it is hardly a failure.

By comparison of the coupling properties, go to the assessment control. First, in a restrained mode, gently “licking” turns in the initial phase of the slides, and then in the active, starting the car sideways.

As in calm, and in “adrenaline” style of driving the best handling Golf has provided Michelin. Accurate response to the actions of the wheel and the change in traction, predictable behavior and smooth and simple slide — all this gives us great confidence. In this case, as on ice, does not provoke the driver into aggressive riding. Bravo!

The worst in both modes behaved Tunga. Long delays in the reaction force to turn the steering wheel at very large angles, twisting it, which causes a prolonged skid. And when it is possible to suppress rapid recovery of the clutch “shoots” the machine in the opposite direction. When active driving is difficult to control the car, clad not only in the Tung, but in Sailun. When the tires lose grip, the Golf is completely out of control.

Completes the picture of the exercise “pristavka” — a sharp change lanes. And here Michelin wiped his nose all, demonstrating excellent response and impeccable behavior. But Roadstone and Sailun create problems. Both are forced to turn the wheel at very large angles due to the long delays in the reactions. So Golf, losing rear grip on the arc, falls in a deep drift. And tyres Roadstone it is more active as pronounced demolition in the initial phase of the maneuver forces to turn the wheel harder. I would not want to experience all the “charms” in a real driving situation!

The following test rating stability and behavior of the car at a smooth manoeuvring at speeds of 100 km/h. Here, four distinguished: Continental, Hankook, Toyo and Yokohama. To him experts have not been any complaints.

Worst of all proved Tunga: a thoughtful reaction, insufficiently informative steering wheel. And the most unpleasant thing is that these Golf tire goes into a skid, even with smooth maneuvering. At high speed this is especially dangerous — you will not notice how you find yourself in a ditch.

The final test in the snow: find out how well the test participants make their way through the snow. On the virgin snow Continental, Hankook, Nokian and Nordman confident the others start coming forward, maneuver and get out of the snowdrift in reverse. The weakest cross has Tunga. No matter how you try to budge in the snow stopped a car wearing these tires, will not work.

In some places the trees quite near the road, a little mistake will become a lumberjack. Especially as some outsiders test mistakes.In some places the trees quite near the road, a little mistake will become a lumberjack. Especially as some outsiders test mistakes.

One of the gates

“White” tests were ahead of the Michelin. And not only because of the myriad of studs, which allowed him to pull ahead in almost all ice disciplines. He snow showed himself king, taking the top four exercises of the seven. Hence, the protector works perfectly.

On the second line white rating there is Continental — with a noticeable lag. And Nokian suddenly we were content with a fourth place, behind Hankook. Thus, “Korean” became the leader of the middle group. Behind them is the Nordman with 128 spikes, who tires Yokohama — they are not saved 172 “carnation”. Then Gislaved, ahead of Toyo. Budget group regularly appeared at the end of the list. Her head Viatti with the lowest (92) the number of spikes. Then Roadstone, and the short white Stroy Tunga and Sailun. The first fell to the bottom in the snow disciplines, the second — on the ice.

On slippery roads, some budget tyres are unpredictable. Shod in tires Tunga Nordway 2 test Golf suddenly lost grip in a turn and jumped over the track.On slippery roads, some budget tyres are unpredictable. Shod in tires Tunga Nordway 2 test Golf suddenly lost grip in a turn and jumped over the track.

Scratching the asphalt

“Black” the work we have done in April, when dry roads and quiet spring winds, but the temperature of the night air did not rise above +8 °C. Test platform, as usual, was the site of AVTOVAZ in the area of Togliatti.

Asphalt tests we traditionally opened by the measurements of fuel efficiency, combining the warm up lap with the assessment of exchange rate stability at speeds up to 130 km/h.

Good reactions, understandable, informative and reliable behavior distinguished only by Gislaved and Nokian. The unpleasant impression produced Roadstone and Tunga. Comments to them — as a blueprint: low informativeness, delays in reactions that forces to turn the steering wheel at large angles, the nasty trailing steering of the rear axle leading to oversteer. Fast ride on these tires is impossible!

At very low speed the ABS allows the wheels from locking. To exclude this effect, we measure the braking distance to the speed of 5 km/h and not to a complete stop.At very low speed the ABS allows the wheels from locking. To exclude this effect, we measure the braking distance to the speed of 5 km/h and not to a complete stop.

The rating of efficiency is formed after conversion of all the results obtained considering repetitions of the “base” tyres. To tyres Nokian and Nordman, established over many years in the title of the most economical, this time joined Hankook tyres. But the greatest consumption of Golf showed on the tires Tunga. And if a five percent difference with the leaders of the exercise at a speed of 90 km/h doesn’t seem so basic, it increased by more than 9% of consumption in urban 60 km/h makes us think.

Finishing combo-in to assess the interior noise and ride, test drivers direct Golf on the service road of the landfill, where defects of asphalt is presented in the full range: of cracks, dents, bulging seams.

The low noise pleased experts Hankook. A “premium” smoothness surprised the Nokian, as if protecting riders from road defects. Note that Continental, Hankook, Michelin and Toyo did not cause admiration for its driving comfort, however, and claims against them arose. Quite another matter — find themselves most uncomfortable Tunga. Just like in “Winter evening” Pushkin: the beast, it howl, that cry like a child… And continuously transmits the shaking and vibration on the car.

Finish scratching the pavement braking on wet (60-5 km/h) and dry (80-5 km/h) roads. On wet pavement the most efficient machine of upsets at the Continental hotel. Some ten centimetres behind him Gislaved and Nokian. On dry pavement ahead suddenly burst Yokohama, Continental for pushing the second position with a minimum gap: 0.1 meters. Outsider — re-Tunga, who lost over 17% on wet pavement and nearly 11% on the dry.

“Asphalt” table of ranks

The title of the best asphalt tires deserve Continental, Gislaved… and Nokianscored in the intermediate category the same number of points. For Nokian tires this is a surprising result, because earlier tyres of this brand was not strong on the asphalt. Fourth place went to Yokohama, beating Michelin, who slipped into the territory of mainstream products. Followed by Hankook, Bridgestone, Sailun and Roadstone. I slipped into the budget area on the tenth place, beating only Viatti and Tung.

Operation on the rankings

A group of “Bad tyres”

The twelfth position was occupied by Sailun Ice Blazer WST3. A complete failure on the ice, very poor results on the snow. However, on the pavement just beats Nordman, and efficiency — Gislaved.

Eleventh place — the model Tunga Nordway 2 (723 points). The worst objective and subjective results on snow and pavement for comfort and efficiency.

Both the latest “state employees” consider it permissible only for a leisurely drive on a solid road, well cleared of snow and ice. On slippery surfaces the tires can be dangerous even on cars with electronic limiters. Strongly recommend for novice drivers.

Not rising above the group of”Weak tires”, “state employees” are unable to compete with even mid-range counterparts. On the tenth line of the tire Roadstone WinGuard WinSpike (755 points). Modest results in all categories. Will allow you to drive carefully, without fanaticism and aggressive maneuvers. On slippery surfaces is only valid for vehicles with full-time control systems.

The best result of this segment — 771 total points and ninth place in the overall standings. Show off can tires Viatti Brina Nordico, won first place in the sector budget products. On snow and ice is self-sufficient, very faint on the pavement, while in comfort and efficiency compete with average tires. Will help in times of crisis, residents of the Russian heartland, infrequently scuttle on the asphalt.

12 place

11th place

10 place

9th place

The amount of points earned in the test

722

723

755

771

Brand, model

Sailun Ice Blazer WST3WST3 Sailun Ice Blazer

Nordway 2 TungaTunga Nordway 2

Roadstone WinGuard WinSpikeRoadstone WinGuard WinSpike

Viatti Brina NordicoViatti Brina Nordico

Average price in online stores at the time of preparation of the material, RUB.

3390

3680

3990

3650

Savings (+)* / overpayment (-)*, %

0

7 (-)

4 (-)

10 (+)

Country of origin

China

Russia

Korea

Russia

Load index and speed

94T

94Q

94T

91T

The depth of the image width, mm

8,5

9,3

9,5

8,9

The hardness of the rubber of shore units.

65

57

60

49

The number of spikes, pieces.

128

130

98

92

Protrusion of thorns after test, mm

0,9–1,3

1,4–1,7

1,2–1,6

0,9–1,3

The mass of the bus, kg

9,6

9,9

9,5

9,4

PROS

Not found

Not found

Good permeability

Satisfactory handling on snow; soft enough; best price

CONS

Low grip for slippery surfaces; poor handling; poor directional stability

Bad cling to the ice, snow and asphalt; poor handling and directional stability; the most uneconomical and uncomfortable

Modest grip on ice and snow; poor handling; very noisy; poor smoothness

Mediocre grip on any winter roads; low level of acoustic comfort

* The difference between the fair price and the average price of tires of a specific model expressed in percent relative to the average price.

In the group of “Mediocre tires” only one party — Toyo Observe Ice-Freezerwith the assets of 803 points. Also the “white” and “black” roads shows modest results. The comfort level is average, economy — slightly below average.

The category of “Good tires”

Gislaved Nord*Frost 200 (853 points) holds the seventh place in the overall standings. Perfectly clings to the asphalt, able to work well on snow and ice, provides an average level of comfort. As for the cost, achieve a modest.

Only three points lost to her Nordman 7. Unlike the older model Hakkapeliitta 9, this tire feels more confident on snow and ice, and on asphalt competes with only budget products, having to leisurely drive. Shows the leading results on the economy.

Yokohama iceGUARD iG65 (860 points). Decent performance on asphalt, average on snow and ice allow to name this bus the universal. Except that comfort falls in the budget sector.

All “b” quite satisfied with any driver who prefers a relaxed style of riding, without courage.

8th place

7th place

6 place

5th place

The amount of points earned in the test

803

853

857

860

Brand, model

Toyo Observe Ice-FreezerToyo Observe Ice-Freezer

Gislaved Nord*Frost 200Gislaved Nord*Frost 200

7 NordmanNordman 7

Yokohama iceGUARD iG65Yokohama iceGUARD iG65

Average price in online stores at the time of preparation of the material, RUB.

4550

4890

4890

4860

Savings (+)* / overpayment (-)*, %

2 (-)

4 (+)

5 (+)

6 (+)

Country of origin

Malaysia

Germany

Russia

Russia

Load index and speed

91T

94T

94T

94T

The depth of the image width, mm

8,8

9,2

9,5

8,9

The hardness of the rubber of shore units.

59

49

54

51

The number of spikes, pieces.

115

130

128

172

Protrusion of thorns after test, mm

0,9–1,3

0,8–1,0

1,1–1,5

A 0.8–1.6

The mass of the bus, kg

9,9

10,5

9,2

9,9

PROS

Excellent directional stability on snow; an enviable smoothness; stable handling

High lateral grip on ice, and longitudinal in the snow and the pavement, stable handling

Enviable fuel efficiency; excellent maneuverability; safe behavior in extreme maneuvers on snow

The best braking properties on dry pavement; strict adherence rate and good passing ability in the snow

CONS

Weak lateral grip on ice; mediocre acceleration and braking on snow; noisy

Modest longitudinal grip on ice; increased fuel consumption at a speed of 60 km/h

Weak braking on dry pavement, mediocre comfort

Difficult handling on slippery surfaces; low ride; high levels of internal noise

* The difference between the fair price and the average price of tires of a specific model expressed in percent relative to the average price.

With 905 points, in fourth place is the Hankook Winter i*Pike RS2. A high-end model of the mid-price segment, to break into the category of “Great tire” in the overall standings. The “white” roads compete with Continental and Nokian. Efficiency is among the best.

Nokian Hakkapeliitta 9, scoring 907 points, – third place. Violating longstanding traditions, this time on the pavement looks better than on snow and ice, and therefore has the right to be called a city bus. Performance efficiency on the road.

Continental IceContact 3 earned 912 points. It is the most balanced on all counts “studding”, and therefore universal in purpose.

Ahead with a significant separation from the nearest rival is located Michelin X-Ice North 4, typing in the test 929 total points. The best winter tire with a bias towards snow and ice, where she truly shines. The rest — on the upper level of the mid-price tyres. However, ahead of the nearest rivals is significant.

All tires of the group is perfect for any driver, until the active drive.

4 place

3rd place

2nd place

1 place

The amount of points earned in the test

905

907

912

929

Brand, model

Hankook Winter i*Pike RS2Hankook Winter i*Pike RS2

9 Nokian HakkapeliittaNokian Hakkapeliitta 9

Continental IceContact 3Continental IceContact 3

Michelin X-Ice North 4Michelin X-Ice North 4

Average price in online stores at the time of preparation of the material, RUB.

4840

7150

6260

5760

Savings (+)* / overpayment (-)*, %

19 (+)

19 (-)

7 (-)

5 (+)

Country of origin

Korea

Finland

Germany

Russia

Load index and speed

94T

94T

94T

94T

The depth of the image width, mm

8,8

9,0

8,0

8,0

The hardness of the rubber of shore units.

50

49

45

51

The number of spikes, pieces.

190

190

190

250

Protrusion of thorns after test, mm

0,8–1,2

0,8–1,2

0,8–1,3

0,7–1,3

The mass of the bus, kg

9,4

9,2

9,7

9,8

PROS

Reliable grip on ice; high efficiency; outstanding traction and directional stability on snow; the quiet

Confidently cling to the ice and the asphalt; most economical; friendly handling and the adherence rate; excellent permeability

Excellent lateral grip on the ice, trailing on the snow and asphalt; safe handling; high throughput

The best longitudinal grip properties on ice and braking performance on snow, good handling on slippery surfaces

CONS

Mid-level braking on asphalt; small claim to stability on the pavement

Big braking distances on snow, light comments to acoustical comfort

Small claim to an increased level of internal noise

Secondary braking on the pavement; lightweight comments to performance and directional stability on the pavement

* The difference between the fair price and the average price of tires of a specific model expressed in percent relative to the average price.

The complete results of the tests are given here: 12-1 place.

Before sending a shot tires in cold storage need to be sure to clear the snow from the tread, otherwise, it will be covered with ice crust.Before sending a shot tires in cold storage need to be sure to clear the snow from the tread, otherwise, it will be covered with ice crust.

Benefit

Among the “public sector” best buy will tires Viatti Brina Nordico, which can save relatively fair prices to 10%. Buying tires Roadstone WinGuard WinSpike and Tunga Nordway 2, have to pay 4 to 7%. Price tires Sailun Ice Blazer WST3 coincide with the fair.

Those who focused on the products of mid-price segment, it is recommended to look at the Hankook Winter i*Pike RS2: the benefit of buying close to 20%. This is the good buy and in absolute offset. Choose Gislaved Nord*Frost 200, Nordman 7 or Yokohama iceGUARD iG65 — save 4-6%. Choosing Toyo Observe Ice-Freezer, overpay 2%.

Prefer the “tops” I advise you to look at Michelin XIN 4. And the product is very decent and the price is reasonable — will regain 5% from the fair. Those who go for Continental IceContact 3, waiting for an overrun of 7%. Fans of Nokian Hakkapeliitta 9 lay out 19% more than fair prices.

We Express our appreciation to the tire manufacturers, has granted to test their products, the staff of the polygons Technotrac and AVTOVAZ and Togliatti Shintorg for technical support. Special thanks to Hankook for giving us the polygon Technotrac.

In Finland the authors of the tests was assisted by Anton MISHIN. Tests on asphalt were joined by Anton ANANIEV, Vladimir KOLESOV, Yuri KUROCHKIN and Andrew OBRAZUMOV.

A big test of studded tires: expensive, cheaper and “no”

Such tire tests “at the wheel” has not been a fantastic gap between leaders and outsiders!

A big test of studded tires: expensive, cheaper and “no”

  • Check out our selection of snow chains for 205/55 R16 size. Don’t need chains? Bracelets on the wheels of the car always can need.

A big test of studded tires: expensive, cheaper and “no”

Such tire tests “at the wheel” has not been a fantastic gap between leaders and outsiders!

A big test of studded tires: expensive, cheaper and “no”Photo: Konstantin Yakubov

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