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Buying a car with mileage: the typical fraud schemes

With the growth of the market for used cars more motorists becoming victims of fraud. Many buyers come to the capital from regions in the hope of a wide selection and civilized approach. But not always they are lucky.

The desire to save customers often are not large well-known car dealers, and wool ads from private owners. The logic is clear: once the car sells the same as they are, a simple car enthusiast, the chance to buy a good copy and inexpensive above. It’s used by professional dealers and car dealerships with a bad reputation.

The private owner or a dealership?

A typical example of the deception of the buyer: the Internet is the announcement of the sale. The text is structured so that the customer gets the strong impression — the car sells privately owned. In the photos the car with a scrubbed body and interior. Usually parked next to a residence. The description focuses on the nuances, which should confirm the initial impression: the instance is in perfect condition, without any technical defects in accidents was not the mileage, of course, honest. Car for sale first and only owner, maintenance was conducted only from the dealer, and strictly according to regulations. Beautiful?

Most often the fake ads placed by women. Rarely appear women and men: according to legend is the husband and wife or close relatives. But connected somehow always turns out to be is a girl. There’s a simple explanation — in the call centres “gray” shops are usually working girls, and that they are on the phone posing as owners. Arriving at such a Declaration, you will certainly encounter a very different “owners”.

If the buyer is willing to look at the car, it is almost always referred to an existing address of a residential house or other structure, which can be found on the Navigator. Or “for the convenience of the customer” meeting may be appointed at metro. At this stage, the customer almost nothing to complain about, so the legend dealers almost always works. But having arrived to the specified “owner” of the address, in 95% cases the buyer sees the reseller or dealership. So the owners save money on payment of services of ad sites that charge for adverts from legal entities other money. If at this stage you didn’t go home, keep your eyes open.

Problem cars

Oh, and the “gray” sellers sometimes you can buy a good car, but this is the exception rather than the rule. Misinformation can be run anywhere: in the showrooms of authorized dealers that sell through the trade-in, and on large sites which just put the car individuals on the Commission, preferring not to bother with predprodazhnoy. In the first case, the greatest evil will be adjusted mileage or poorly carried out “incoming” diagnosis, and in the second you can buy outright junk.

Before the inspection, we strongly ask the seller to send the vehicle data (VIN number of the TCP or STS) to check for open databases. If for some reason the seller refuses to provide them, then it makes sense to just stop communicating.Before the inspection, we strongly ask the seller to send the vehicle data (VIN number of the TCP or STS) to check for open databases. If for some reason the seller refuses to provide them, then it makes sense to just stop communicating.

The vast majority of cars on the sites of the small auto were “pre-training” that hides serious technical defects or the consequences of repair. Broken and unprofessionally repaired vehicles with wound runs for them — a common phenomenon. It is through these “muddy” salons drained the beating from the insurance companies, the former taxi and other illiquid, who sell at the market price, another way is simply impossible. There are also vehicles with legal problems associated with changes or even replacement of identification numbers.

So, are you ready? Even if after careful inspection and checking on databases you don’t see obvious flaws, dishonest merchants have in stock a proven way to get you to pay a significant amount. This occurs at the stage of registration of the contract of purchase and sale.

Fraud contract

The buyer offered to see the drawn up contract. In this, as it appears stated in the ad price. The seller then collects the documents — allegedly to make a copy. The client in their thoughts already rushing to the “new” car home! This time bring him to sign a contract in which spoofed page with the final price. Usually it is either increased to the amount of VAT, or the amount of Commission the dealership. In this case, the purchase price suddenly increases by 18-20%. Unfortunately, the buyer notices this when all the paperwork is signed by both parties and he can only pay in cash.

If the buyer refuses to pay for the car at the new conditions, it shows a contract clause about penalties: typically, 15% of the transaction amount in case of termination of contract by the buyer unilaterally. In this scenario, only the most resistant are able to leave the salon without losing money. The majority agrees to the overpayment, not wanting to engage in showdowns with aggressive sellers. The only legal way to defend their rights — immediately call in police.

Of course, there is light and reliable car dealers with honest employees and a good reputation. As soon as you notice the announcement of the sale of something suspicious or even already arrived at the meeting, and the purchase should be abandoned. It is better to lose two hours and spend fifty rubles for the bus than left with literally nothing.

To calculate an unscrupulous seller and avoid all the above troubles. How? Find in our photos:

Buying a car with mileage: the typical fraud schemes

Author: Ilya VasilievPhoto: from archive of the author, “Behind the wheel” and Auto.rubuying a car with mileage: the typical mechanisms of amanatto: “Behind the wheel.Of the Russian Federation”

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