Choosing a gift for the Day of defender of the Fatherland, it is easy to make a mistake. SP helps to distinguish useless gifts from the really need every car owner.Michael Kolodochkin “driving”Expert

If extravagance were a fault, it would not be in the festivals of the gods. Airstip (an ancient philosopher)

Celebration of the male and, therefore, the gift must also be male. And this fact can seriously spoil the mood of both you and to whom your gift is intended. It’s not that you mind the money for this gift. Worse another: in the vast majority of the gifts are so useless that they become just a shame. In addition to a tight polite smile (thanks, they say, only dreamed about it!) they did not cause. So when first cleaning your “gift” go to the trash — this is no doubt.

What won’t fly? What would a good man put in the trunk or at least on the shelf in the garage? Let’s think.

So not happy

— Ludmila Prokofievna! Let us put this horse in the scene in the closet. — W-W-why hide?— Why? And from the singer, so he was not happy ahead of time.From “Office romance”

All of us — motorists, and our website — automobile. So all sorts of neckties and cufflinks passed it by — not because they are bad, but just by definition. They can talk elsewhere.

However, the General wish I have. Roughly speaking, it is: never give stamps to a philatelist! If the person is seriously interested in something, give him something really worthwhile can only the other passionate about the same person, and even then not always. I have been real cases of people seeing my collection of scale models of cars, from the heart I bought in the nearest kiosk something that vaguely looks like a car, honestly wondering if I had a… had a false smile and nod: Yes, they say — that’s the kind I really don’t have!

Returning to the car, try to figure out: people will use your gift or not? For example, the consumable like engine oil, buy it is easy — grab the brand group SN, and thus, for example, with a viscosity of 0W-40, and proud to give. If a person maintains the car himself, it is likely that the gift will be useful to him. But if your friend goes to be served to the official, then it may very well be that you missed. The suits don’t like customers with their banks and be sure to make a note of the type “bathed in motor oil customer.” But such situations need not all.

Motor oil is great, it would seem, gift. But… not for everyone — alas…Motor oil is great, it would seem, gift. But… not for everyone — alas…

With wipers, the situation is simpler. This is one of the main consumables, and therefore the only thing required from you is not to miss with the size and mount. By the way, this gift — for every budget: we have repeatedly written about the fact that the difference in cost for these products can be tenfold, although the difference in quality to be seen.

Even if your friend the wipers still young, you can be sure that your he will soon come in handy.Even if your friend the wipers still young, you can be sure that your he will soon come in handy.

If to bother with the sizes and viscosities reluctant, magic wand as a gift can be a compressor. No matter that the one who is present, it probably already is today many have two cars. Yes, it looks brand new compressor very attractive — it may well be that he will simply replace the “old man”. But if you consider that a compressor can pump and bicycles, and mattresses, the usefulness of such a gift is rather high than low..

The compressor is good because if the gift to still have not to the court, then it is easy for someone to give… may be a good thing.The compressor is good because if the gift to still have not to the court, then it is easy for someone to give… may be a good thing.

Another “all-weather gift” is a versatile multifunctional tool with many hidden blades in it, our screwdriver now and other pliers. Even the most handless in the world man this thing can at least once be useful — something to eat, twist, cut, uncork… And even handy man winced from a “poleznosti”.

This poleznyak can be useful not only in car but also at home. As “physics” and “lyrics”.This poleznyak can be useful not only in car but also at home. As “physics” and “lyrics”.

But the best gift is, in my opinion, set… rags! Microfiber — not only is she bright and pleasant to the touch: it is really useful to all and always. In the car, in the kitchen.

Modern set of rags is not ashamed to give. Looks great and, most importantly, is sure to be used!Modern set of rags is not ashamed to give. Looks great and, most importantly, is sure to be used!

As for recorders, radar detectors and other mounted gadgets, I would not recommend this category of gadgets for a gift. In my opinion, such things as a rule, the owner chooses on the basis of some purely personal problems, which may be completely incomprehensible for another. In addition, today many prefer to use their smartphones, stuffed with relevant programmes.

Personally, I was annoyed by the presence on the windshield of any foreign objects. However, if you hinted that the man is not against to get such a gift, then of course…Personally I am annoyed by the presence on the windshield of any foreign objects. However, if you hinted that the man is not against to get such a gift, then of course…

And, of course, do not give any kind of “Scam” — magnicaballi, “economical”, “protection cells” and stuff, which the sellers did not let up since the Christmas holidays. Pay special attention to them do not want — they’re not worth it

Nice friend to give…

Winnie the Pooh: I brought you a little gift… Ia: I already Have one gift.From the movie

And a little more of a personal relationship to the gifts. It seems to me that the finished card with pre-written on it the duty text is a disrespect to the person receiving it. Reprinted by a kind of kitsch with defective wishes. Want to make your postcard really pleased someone try to get clean (by the way, such still need to search!) and write a few lines yourself. Only without the banal wishes of “Happiness, health and success” and other nonsense, but be sure that your words present something personal, funny, kind. And calligraphy is not needed — no wonder kids cards with crooked letters and even mistakes always caused more smiles than obviously correct, but dull and boring.

And — a few words about money. They say it is the best gift (because everything else is too expensive). But to give money — I don’t know… Although the form of the same tasteless Souvenirs at times, thoughts come, it would be better if you gave a hundred roubles, than is now junk. Everyone who wants to speak on this occasion, as usual I invite you to dialogue.

But in fact- with the occasion. Thank you to those who protect and defend us!

Gifts motorist on 23 February (instruction for women)gifts to the motorist on 23 February (instruction for women)

Day or night, dry or wet, the car knows that the Board, relying on the testimony of a special sensor. The expert SP tells how it works, what systems receive information from it and how to install it on the car on their own.Alexey Revin “driving”Expert

First the rain sensor is applied in the middle of the last century, the American automaker General Motors at one of the premium models. But mass production because of imperfection of technologies mastered was not. And only in the mid nineties of the first Japanese automakers, and then the rest were to install rain sensors and light on expensive models.

Now they won’t surprise even the owners of compact and very inexpensive machines. Modern rain sensors and light combined in a single module located in the upper part of the windscreen behind the rearview mirror — but the principles of operation of these sensors is different.

The device sensor rain & light company Hella:


1 — a connecting medium; 2 — upper body sensor optics; 3 — blind; 4 — printed circuit Board with a sensor with plug connector; 5 — lower sensor housing; 6 — clamp.

Rain sensor

a dry windscreen; b — wet windshield. 1 — led on transmitter; 2 — prism; 3 — photodiode-receiver; 4 — a drop of water.

Detects the presence of water droplets on the windscreen by means of the optoelectronic measurement method. The sensor cell consists of one or more LEDs (transmitter), prism and photodiode (receiver).

The led emitted infrared rays via the prism to the windshield are reflected from the outer surface and are sensitive photodiode. Dry and clean glass the beam is reflected almost completely, and therefore the signal on the photodiode is large. In contact with glass water droplets rays of light are refracted, and therefore only a small part of them gets on the receiver signal. The more rain, the less rays falls on the photodiode.

The electronic unit continuously determines the amount of water on the glass and adjusts the frequency of strokes and the speed of operation of the wipers. The system is even able to assess whether the glass is dirty: if after one double stroke of the wipers transparency is not recovered automatically turns on the windscreen washer.

Light sensor

and sensor front light; b — the ambient light sensor.1 — optical fiber with lens; 2 — light guide with filter.

In the first combined light sensors and rain, the element that measures the light, there was only one. When it is dark or entering the tunnel, he switched on the headlights, Parking lights and instrument backlighting. Then in the same node started to place up to three light-sensitive elements, each with its own area of responsibility.

The light intensity in front of the car measures the narrow-angle sensor with front lighting. Using the signal from the sensor, the electronics recognize day and night, and accordingly disables or enables the lights.

Area response of the light sensors:

With a wide-angle light guide, the ambient light sensor (sensor light) detects the illumination level above the vehicle. Additionally mounted filter allows to distinguish between sunlight and artificial light. This is necessary in order to, for example, the controller switched on the lights when entering a day-lit tunnel; and if the machine is under the scorching sun, the climate control should be harder to cool down the cabin.

If the vehicle is equipped with a projection display, HUD installed a narrow-gauge. It measures the illuminance of the area where projected information. The electronic system adjusts the brightness of the elements displayed on the screen.

The interaction of the sensors of light and rain with the car’s other systems

  1. The windscreen wipers. If the glass appeared the rain drops, the controller activates the wiper, and if the drops are not removed with a single pass, includes the washers.
  2. Outdoor lighting. At a signal from the light sensor lighting mode switches from daytime running lights in a passing light mode.
  3. Interior lights. The light sensor controls the brightness of all elements of the interior lights and the instrument panel.
  4. The comfort system. When the first raindrops automation closes the glass and the sunroof, allowing the driver not to be distracted from driving.
  5. The multimedia system. The light sensor tracking the amount of outdoor light that gives your entertainment system a signal to change the brightness of the screen.
  6. Climate control. Team rain sensor climate control dries the air, including air and directing the air on the glass to prevent fogging. The ambient light sensor detects the intensity of the solar radiation coming through the windshield, and reports on adjustments to the control unit for the climate control.
  7. Head-Up-display (HUD). Display brightness is adjustable signal of the light sensor.
  8. Automatic drying of the brake mechanisms. At the signal of the rain sensor pump anti-lock system, short-term and no more than 2 bars raises the pressure in the brake circuits. Brake cylinders down pads, and they relate to the rotating brake discs, removing them from moisture and dirt.

On their own

If your vehicle has no standard rain sensor and light, it can be installed. For example, there are rain sensors, both domestic and foreign (usually Chinese) production. They are small plastic box that is glued to the windshield from the inside and connects to the car’s electrical system by a wiring harness. There is even a version for 24‑volt electrical equipment. A simple universal rain sensors are up to thousand rubles, the most complex bit more expensive two thousand.

If you do not want to understand the wiring of the vehicle to accommodate the sensors, look for ready-made kits for specific models. The set in addition includes the Central sensor light switch with the Auto position, the wiring harness, plastic covers, sensor, put on the bracket of the rear view mirror. The price of such packages in the range 3800-4500 rubles, and complete with auto-darkening rearview mirror they can cost up to 9500 rubles.

Destroying MYTHS

  • The rain sensor is triggered from the beats of water droplets.No. The sensor is based on optoelectronic measurements.
  • At night, the rain sensor is powerless.No. Outdoor lighting does not affect the operation of the system as it uses its own infrared light sources.
  • You can say goodbye with the sensor when replacing the windshield.No. Manufacturers of glass have a layer of tinting or screen printing window. Installation of the old sensor to the new glass is possible, but subject to technology, and after installation you need to check the correct operation of the sensor.
  • In winter the gauge.No. The snow sensor may not react correctly. But the water droplets from melted snowflakes, the response will be correct. Worst of all, if the installation location of the sensor is covered with ice crust. In this case it is better to switch to manual control of the wipers.
  • Rain sensors on all cars work the same way.No. For adaptation the rain sensor to the vehicle meets the vehicle manufacturer. It is not always a full set of finishing work with all possible types of glass (insulated of different colors, equipped with electrically heated, with tinted strip at the top). In some embodiments, may be a little less correct operation of the sensor. Almost always, the cars have manual adjustment of the sensitivity of the sensor. And only on some vehicles this function is programmatically disabled.

Photo: manufacturers, depositphotos

To mark the return of Golf to the Russian market “the wheel” had a big test involving its major competitors. Four cars, three types of bodywork, two platforms and only one winner.Mikhail Kuleshov “Behind the wheel”

How many copies broken in disputes about the notorious platforms! Some believe that one chassis is fundamentally impossible to build different machines. Others say the opposite. Will check on the matter?

So Europe against Asia. Modular platform MQB modular vs not less than K2. Five doors to four. Kia vs Volkswagen!

At the end of 2016, the Russian office of Volkswagen sent a Golf sabbatical. Due to the lack of localization and, consequently, high prices are one of the best hatchback class name was not found wanting need market. But time heals all wounds — and two years later Golf is back. Rested, prettier. And with specific plans for our wallets. How do you test a 150‑strong hatch in previously inaccessible Colera Kurkuma Yellow? Fire? And after you learn about the price is 1.6 million?

Stick in beautiful “seventeenth” Golf wheel put not only the lack of localization and the exchange rate. While the “German” slacking abroad, Russia attacked firm Kia. In the summer there were third-generation Ceed, which has become more European and are ready to sway the position of Golf in the Old world. And in the fall the dealers have rolled out a new Cerato. We took a hatchback with a 1.6‑liter aspirated power 128 forces (this is the most popular option) and a sedan with two-liter 150‑horsepower engine. Prices delicious German — 1 189 1 289 900 and 900 rubles, respectively. As the last piece of puzzle was asking for a Jetta sedan assembled in Russia. But this is not the case “sixth” Jetta was created in dimodolo era and does not fit ideologically. By the way, in connection with the change of generations the production of Jetta in Nizhny Novgorod is stopped; the dealers sell the remains sluggish — take the time if you wish.

In the end, Octavia with a 1.4‑liter turbo engine for half a million is fit to the company.

Stocking

Let’s start with Golf. Really like to know what’s changed during the facelift! The official release says (holding up fingers!) new bumpers, grille, front fenders and led headlights, who replaced the xenon. But stand back a few steps — and before you old buddy Golf, presented at the Paris motor show in 2012. The only concrete ID — new color, which asked for 10 000 rubles.

Volkswagen Golf. The turbo engine with a capacity of 150 “horses” and seven-speed DSG make Golf one of the fastest hatchback in the class. Under a and handling, while the configuration of the electric power steering is very specific and surprising non-linear reactions in near-zero zone. For a small deflection of the Golf reacts sharper than you expect.Volkswagen Golf. The turbo engine with a capacity of 150 “horses” and seven-speed DSG make Golf one of the fastest hatchback in the class. Under a and handling, while the configuration of the electric power steering is very specific and surprising non-linear reactions in near-zero zone. For a small deflection of the Golf reacts sharper than you expect.

Despite the Prim appearance and semi rear suspension, Octavia knows how to ride like never dreamed of most of your classmates! Engine, transmission and, consequently, their ability — just like Golf. And the feedback on the steering wheel in linear and cleaner.Despite the Prim appearance and semi rear suspension, Octavia knows how to ride like never dreamed of most of your classmates! Engine, transmission and, consequently, their ability — just like Golf. And the feedback on the steering wheel in linear and cleaner.

Ceed with the 1.6‑liter aspirated not fireworks, but for safe overtaking dynamics enough. Chassis and electric power steering are set up fine, and without but to write the trajectory will appeal to even the “foodies”.Ceed with the 1.6‑liter aspirated not fireworks, but for safe overtaking dynamics enough. Chassis and electric power steering are set up fine, and without but to write the trajectory will appeal to even the “foodies”.

A bunch of two-litre atmosfernika and six-speed automatic the good: according to our approximate measurements, Cerato gains one hundred faster passport data! Chassis digesting the good capabilities motor, but the pleasure from the active drive do not wait: the Korean sedan raschlenenie competitors. And yet he is the most noisy.A bunch of two-litre atmosfernika and six-speed automatic the good: according to our approximate measurements, Cerato gains one hundred faster passport data! Chassis digesting the good capabilities motor, but the pleasure from the active drive do not wait: the Korean sedan raschlenenie competitors. And yet he is the most noisy.

Exactly the same for metallic and Kia wants, although more recently the Koreans did not take a single cent for it. But test free Ceed is painted white. And Cerato — featureless Horizon Blue (although in the palette there is a magical Runway Red). Looking at a couple of freshly baked “Koreans” translate look at the Volkswagen — and I understand that in the context of monochrome Russian winter Golf in “turmeric” looks more interesting and modern. What there is six years difference!

The appearance of the facelifted Octavia — generally a separate song. You managed for two years to get used to the design of the front end? I don’t. The situation could rectify “araschnia” color Rallye Green. But in the palette of the civilian version, only six sad (okay, let’s call them strict) shades. Extra charge for metallic paint as many as 16 700 rubles. And yet our charges are too versatile, so we chose only a purse or eyes. Right?

Silver and stamping

At the pleasantness of the interior favorite — Golf. Air plastic front panel, perfectly contoured driver’s seat, which now knows how to massage. Thanks to the Alcantara here even smells like autochrome. The facelift brought optional digital tidy with a diagonal of 12.3 inches and a heated front glass no filaments in the structure of the integrated thin layer of conductive silver. On hot days this thing prevents excessive heat.

Golf even in the budget version comes with multimedial Composition Media with an eight-inch touchscreen. In the asset of the car in the Highline — Discover Media system with navigation. Special thanks for physical puck volume! The Germans almost weaned DSG kicking me in traffic, and the resource box matters less. The only situation in which the preselection is still entangled in the clutches – constant switch between “drive” and “reverse”. That’s what happens when you’re out with tight parallel Parking.Golf even in the budget version comes with multimedial Composition Media with an eight-inch touchscreen. In the asset of the car in the Highline — Discover Media system with navigation. Special thanks for physical puck volume! The Germans almost weaned DSG kicking me in traffic, and the resource box matters less. The only situation in which the preselection is still entangled in the clutches – constant switch between “drive” and “reverse”. That’s what happens when you’re out with tight parallel Parking.

Bolero entertainment complex with an eight — inch touchscreen- no maximum for Octavia. Adding 66 100, you can replace it with a top Columbus system with a 9.2‑inch screen and navigation. The robot — like the Volkswagen. The advantages and disadvantages of the same. The Octavia is available with preselection will pull 1 330 000 rubles. Octavia, like Golf, is from the era when the multimedia display disposed below eye level. Apart from this features and simple design, nothing to complain about. The quality of materials is slightly higher than the “Koreans”.Bolero entertainment complex with an eight — inch touchscreen- no maximum for Octavia. Adding 66 100, you can replace it with a top Columbus system with a 9.2‑inch screen and navigation. The robot — like the Volkswagen. The advantages and disadvantages of the same. The Octavia is available with preselection will pull 1 330 000 rubles. Octavia, like Golf, is from the era when the multimedia display disposed below eye level. Apart from this features and simple design, nothing to complain about. The quality of materials is slightly higher than the “Koreans”.

E-her Active Info Display — basic equipment version Comfortline. To install it on the R‑Line will have to pay 30 500 rubles. Machines in elementary models based on classic gauges.E-her Active Info Display — basic equipment version Comfortline. To install it on the R‑Line will have to pay 30 500 rubles. Machines in elementary models based on classic gauges.

It would be possible again to write about the specificity of radial digitizing, but I won’t. You know the drill. By the way, Octavia is available fully digital tidy, the price — 26 300 rubles.It would be possible again to write about the specificity of radial digitizing, but I won’t. You know the drill. By the way, Octavia is available fully digital tidy, the price — 26 300 rubles.

The degree of premium in the cabin below the Octavia, but not much. Here, too, there are contour lights in the doors, classroom multimedia system Bolero c eight-inch touchscreen and induction charger for gadgets. Skoda Volkswagen will be in imperceptible, at first glance, little things: a normal handbrake instead of the electronic, a bar section of Cup holders, more bare plastic to the left of the driver. But all this nonsense on the background of the bland and featureless design.

A seven-inch display mounted on multimedica Ceed starting from the third from the bottom of the execution of Luxe. Cars in top trim levels get an eight-inch touchscreen with support for navigational charts. In the database — a five-inch monochrome screen. If not bothered fake “stitching” wide panel — interior Sid will like it. Ergonomically it is not worse volkswagenesque. And tactile yields only slightly. The six-speed hydromechanical automatic — headed fellow. Think a little longer double clutch of robots, but his work is clearly and without unnecessary hysteria. And yet it can be to shake, pressing Sport.A seven-inch display mounted on multimedica Ceed starting from the third from the bottom of the execution of Luxe. Cars in top trim levels get an eight-inch touchscreen with support for navigational charts. In the database — a five-inch monochrome screen. If not bothered fake “stitching” wide panel — interior Sid will like it. Ergonomically it is not worse volkswagenesque. And tactile yields only slightly. The six-speed hydromechanical automatic — headed fellow. Think a little longer double clutch of robots, but his work is clearly and without unnecessary hysteria. And yet it can be to shake, pressing Sport.

The Cerato interior is comfortable, and the side deflectors in the spirit issigonis Mini give it a special charm. And yet, because of the tangible together not separately detail the interior of SIDA is perceived as more expensive. For Cerato, unlike Sid, there is an intermediate seven-inch touchscreen. Or regular “balalaika” monochrome display or a top device with up to eight inches. Logic menu and performance — without question. No NAV. A six-speed automatic Cerato exactly the same as the Sid. Unless the gear ratio the main couples here in short, and to driving modes Normal and Sport is added to the traditional dull and useless Eco.The Cerato interior is comfortable, and the side deflectors in the spirit issigonis Mini give it a special charm. And yet, because of the tangible together not separately detail the interior of SIDA is perceived as more expensive. For Cerato, unlike Sid, there is an intermediate seven-inch touchscreen. Or regular “balalaika” monochrome display or a top device with up to eight inches. Logic menu and performance — without question. No NAV. A six-speed automatic Cerato exactly the same as the Sid. Unless the gear ratio the main couples here in short, and to driving modes Normal and Sport is added to the traditional dull and useless Eco.

Sinking devices SIDA in two stylish well intererst Kia made the right decision. The same basically tidy Cerato looks easier.Sinking devices SIDA in two stylish well intererst Kia made the right decision. The same basically tidy Cerato looks easier.

Devices Cerato — simply nowhere. But this does not prevent them to please the eye with a classy font and contrasting hands.Devices Cerato — simply nowhere. But this does not prevent them to please the eye with a classy font and contrasting hands.

Exactly who is not shy to Express themselves, so this interferece Kia. In side I want to consider every detail, run your fingers over the curves of the console, which — as in Golf — deployed to the driver. But at the same time rejoice in the fact that the touch screen is at eye level. Although multimedica as materials easier skodowski.

Cerato trimmed a little more modest, but it is not without (not at the expense of ergonomics!) the original “chips” like the air vents‑turbines. Remove panel with fake stitching — and it would be absolutely great. However, do not rule out that someone and it is pleasing to the eye.

Addiction is not a sentence

To a well-tuned car does not need to get used to. Behind the wheel of the Golf course from the first seconds I feel like I ride it every day.

Has anything changed in the driving behavior plan? Offhand — no. In normal mode the car was and still is understandable and predictable, perfectly able to hold the line, please clear the actuator of the brake pedal and “rapid-fire” box, which seems to have become a bit more delicate way to behave in traffic. But on a winding country road at high speed Golf raises questions. Upset nervous and nonlinear reactions in near-zero area and the lack of feedback on the steering wheel — it’s so atypical for Volkswagen that I go out and check the tire pressure. With pressure — order!

Transportation six-foot long measures in side — doable task, but not the most pleasant. In fact, the Board does not too much interfere with the driver, but to go with her uncomfortable and insecure.Transportation six-foot long measures in side — doable task, but not the most pleasant. In fact, the Board does not too much interfere with the driver, but to go with her uncomfortable and insecure.

In side there is no hatch for long-length, because for the carriage of snowboard had to fold the lower portion of the back. Adequately to get together for the remainder of the seat has little chance.In side there is no hatch for long-length, because for the carriage of snowboard had to fold the lower portion of the back. Adequately to get together for the remainder of the seat has little chance.

Ceed expected “swallowed” the bike once or twice. Of course, I had to fold both parts of the back, but it was possible to do without removing the wheels.Ceed expected “swallowed” the bike once or twice. Of course, I had to fold both parts of the back, but it was possible to do without removing the wheels.

Perhaps I’m making mountains out of molehills. After a bit got used to the car, unpleasant feature disappeared in the undoubted advantages — quite energy efficient, despite the 17‑inch wheels, suspension, excellent sound insulation and the explosive nature of the engine, which gained 10 HP and now deals with the first hundred in 8.2 seconds (our lax measurements showed that volkswagenaudi not disingenuous).

The situation with long-length in the Cerato much better. A two-meter Board, does not interfere with either the driver or passengers. You can go as a Threesome.The situation with long-length in the Cerato much better. A two-meter Board, does not interfere with either the driver or passengers. You can go as a Threesome.

We are turned inside out, trying to place the snowboard in the trunk Cerato, but — alas. The result is the folded back portion, and a lost seat. Or even two.We are turned inside out, trying to place the snowboard in the trunk Cerato, but — alas. The result is the folded back portion, and a lost seat. Or even two.

A narrow gap Cerato does not allow to place in the trunk of the bike Assembly. It is necessary to remove the front wheel, or to take an Allen wrench and “turn off” the wheel. I prefer the first.A narrow gap Cerato does not allow to place in the trunk of the bike Assembly. It is necessary to remove the front wheel, or to take an Allen wrench and “turn off” the wheel. I prefer the first.

Here are examples of the very bad economy: open the trunk of the Kia Cerato is possible only from salon (the button on the lid is the only machines in the top versions of Premium+) and fold the rear seatback exclusively out of the trunk.Here are examples of the very bad economy: open the trunk of the Kia Cerato is possible only from salon (the button on the lid is the only machines in the top versions of Premium+) and fold the rear seatback exclusively out of the trunk.

And yet imagine my surprise when, by moving to the platform with semi-Octavia rear suspension (Golf — mnogoryichazhka), I immediately got what I expected from Volkswagen, the absolute linearity of the reactions in the deflection even at fractions of a degree and excellent effort on the steering wheel! Octavia, unlike Golf, can be equipped with a Drive Mode Select system: activated “sport” mode will be “clamping” electric power steering and sharpen reactions on the accelerator. However, the Octavia even in the “default” does not lag behind the Golf in a straight line. And equally assertive of the arc.

Relationship with kitchen plinth Golf more difficult. To preserve the possibility to use the selector box, the Board has to be put on the end and somehow fix. Front passenger will not be happy.Relationship with kitchen plinth Golf more difficult. To preserve the possibility to use the selector box, the Board has to be put on the end and somehow fix. Front passenger will not be happy.

Hatch for long-length allows you to stick to Golf snowboard together with bindings (if desired, can be placed two). While the rear seat has two comfortable seats.Hatch for long-length allows you to stick to Golf snowboard together with bindings (if desired, can be placed two). While the rear seat has two comfortable seats.

With the bike no problem. You need to follow only to loading as not to stain the light headlining Golf black rubber griesau, but this applies to any car.With the bike no problem. You need to follow only to loading as not to stain the light headlining Golf black rubber griesau, but this applies to any car.

After talking with the German preselective turbo engine and the 1.6‑liter aspirated Sid, who is in cahoots with a six-speed automatic underwhelming. But this is not a vegetable! Fluid mechanics poltical transfer fast and to the point, and the engine is laid out on one hundred percent that “Korean” is gaining in 11.3 seconds. It again faster passport data and due to either cold air, so beloved by motors or by the inaccuracy of the device. Since the latter had never been seen in the manipulation of facts, tied for first.

Skoda Octavia. Hardly here it is necessary to comment on something. Pictures speak louder than the collapsible text.Skoda Octavia. Hardly here it is necessary to comment on something. Pictures speak louder than the collapsible text.

In the process of loading we had to put back, and then return it into place. But the fact remains — a mid-size snowboard is absolutely not worried passengers Octavia.In the process of loading we had to put back, and then return it into place. But the fact remains — a mid-size snowboard is absolutely not worried passengers Octavia.

Bike you can literally throw in the Skoda through the fifth door. By the way, I personally know a man who moved to Octavia-foot refrigerator.Bike you can literally throw in the Skoda through the fifth door. By the way, I personally know a man who moved to Octavia-foot refrigerator.

In fact, Ceed unprofitable distinguished from Volkswagen and Skoda only harsh suspension and less effective protection against the engine noise. “Speed bumps” he gets painful even on a low speed and fat “fifty-fifth” tires. Well at least that is the flip side of this rigid discipline. Let Octavia new Ceed (memorycache, by the way!) until obtulit, but to compete with Golf may well be. Despite the same rating in the column “Control”, Ceed liked me a little more. And, as in the Skoda, you can change the force on the steering wheel.

Cerato was originally marketed as a “poor cousin” Sid: semi-suspension, no jet engines and robots. And rides accordingly. To bad the engine song of a hatchback adds a distinct background from the road, the steering — though regulated — slush, and rolls more. Fit ponudet on filters of perception, but the fact remains: in terms of handling Cerato — the saddest car in our Quartet. The situation pulls a little capable two-liter aspirated, which (surprise!) deals with hundreds in 8.9 seconds against the passport of 9.8.

RED WELL DONE

Two passengers in the back of any of today’s contestants feel comfortable (to varying degrees). What about reason three? We rammed into each of the cars in the queue, and the photographer captured our happy (or not?) person. Pictured left to right — Sergey Klochkov (173 cm), Mikhail Kuleshov (176 cm) and Denis Panov (190 cm), sitting “behind myself”.

Kia Ceed. To get to the center I had on the passenger side — 190‑cm driver almost no space left. How Denis managed to bring in the car your knees, you can not understand until now. The profile of the Central section of the seat, as usual, harsh and not very hospitable, but you can live. It is much harder to put up with the tightness in his shoulders. And reserve over my head at the extreme of passengers is minimal.Kia Ceed. To get to the center I had on the passenger side — 190‑cm driver almost no space left. How Denis managed to bring in the car your knees, you can not understand until now. The profile of the Central section of the seat, as usual, harsh and not very hospitable, but you can live. It is much harder to put up with the tightness in his shoulders. And reserve over my head at the extreme of passengers is minimal.

Kia Cerato. The Korean sedan is much nicer hatchback. Our Gulliver not even rests his knees in the back of the front seat, I slip with a whistle to centre stage, noting the low tunnel. In side to enjoy this fact interfered with the overall tightness. Since in the shoulders Cerato is almost “too tight”, you can go three, even on a long trip.Kia Cerato. The Korean sedan is much nicer hatchback. Our Gulliver not even rests his knees in the back of the front seat, I slip with a whistle to centre stage, noting the low tunnel. In side to enjoy this fact interfered with the overall tightness. Since in the shoulders Cerato is almost “too tight”, you can go three, even on a long trip.

Volkswagen Golf. The short wheelbase, and narrow is the test car never gave revelations. To climb into the rear seats of the Golf, perhaps even harder than “Packed” in Led. Feet (especially if the Shoe size 42‑th) are confused in the massive Central tunnel. And to fit the three of us, someone has to sit sideways. This is not what makes even a decent amount of space above the head.Volkswagen Golf. The short wheelbase, and narrow is the test car never gave revelations. To climb into the rear seats of the Golf, perhaps even harder than “Packed” in Led. Feet (especially if the Shoe size 42‑th) are confused in the massive Central tunnel. And to fit the three of us, someone has to sit sideways. This is not what makes even a decent amount of space above the head.

Skoda Octavia. If I say that to sit three in the Czech liftback almost as comfortable as a couple – lie. But hardly you can find any other car in this (and only this) class that can provide such space. Let here golgowski high tunnel, but the extra space at the knees allows you to easily carry through his legs. Room in the shoulders more than the spacious Cerato. Plus power to brother. I think we’ll stay here.Skoda Octavia. If I say that to sit three in the Czech liftback almost as comfortable as a couple – lie. But hardly you can find any other car in this (and only this) class that can provide such space. Let here golgowski high tunnel, but the extra space at the knees allows you to easily carry through his legs. Room in the shoulders more than the spacious Cerato. Plus power to brother. I think we’ll stay here.

* * *

Of course, when comparing such different cars, the test results raise questions. Initially, it was clear that Octavia, whose fifth door is akin to the wardrobe in Narnia, will furnish all the practical matters. It is clear that the 128‑strong Ceed will yield a 150‑strong opponents in the upper stage dynamics. And very very obviously in the service of Kia, with its five-year warranty will erase Skoda and Volkswagen in the dust. But since we’re not afraid to put them together, draw conclusions and speculate about the nuances of the platforms.

Loss SIDA does not mean that it is bad. This well-balanced hatchback, capable of even with the 1.6‑liter aspirated to give pleasure from driving. And he is the owner of the best chassis ever created Kia (Yes, not counting the Stinger). More surprising gap in driving terms between him and the platform Cerato, second place only due to its practicality. The Volkswagen proves that semi-dependent rear suspension is completely innocent. For example, Golf (third place) and Octavia (the first place) it is easy to verify that the thing — in options and the desire to teach the car to drive really good. Skoda with an elastic cross beam is driven by a better Volkswagen with a rear memorycache, but in matters of practicality leaves no chance to any classmate.

Does this mean that the potential of the MQB is higher than the potential of the platform K2? Not a fact. Volkswagen just carefully approaches the setup of each of their models — there is no doubt. In fine tuning, not in the notorious “modularity” is the secret of success. For which you need to put the top 200-300 thousand rubles.

Updated Golf is good, but the high price will not allow him to seriously compete with the led. But be a good alternative to initial versions of the Audi A3, Mercedes A-class and BMW’s first series, he will be able quite.

Kar-index takes into account operating costs on a mileage 70 000 km registration fee and vehicle inspection, vehicle tax, cost of insurance, fuel and routine maintenance, as well as the loss when reselling the car.

SKODA OCTAVIA

KIA CERATO

VW GOLF

KIA CEED


Of 13.63

At 11.59

Of 15.53

9,99

DATA PRODUCERS

KIA CEED

KIA CERATO

SKODA OCTAVIA

VOLKSWAGEN GOLF

Weight / total weight

1364 / 1800 kg

1322 / 1720 kg

1269 / 1819 kg

1288 / 1800 kg

Acceleration 0-100 km/h

11.5 sec

With a 9.8

8,2 with

8,2 with

Maximum speed

192 km/h

203 km/h

219 km/h

216 km/h

Fuel / fuel reserve

AI-92, AI-95 / 50 l

AI-92, AI-95 / 50 l

AI-95 / 50 l

AI-95 / 50 l

Fuel consumption: urban / suburban / mixed cycle

9,8 / 5,8 / 7,3 l / 100 km

10,2 / 5,7 / 7,4 l / 100 km

6,0 / 4,2/ 4,9 l / 100 km

6,2 / 4,4 / 5,0 l / 100 km

ENGINE

Type

petrol

petrol

petrol

petrol

Location

front, transversely

front, transversely

front, transversely

front, transversely

Configuration / number of valves

R4 / 16

R4 / 16

R4 / 16

R4 / 16

The working volume

1591 cm3

1999 cm3

1395 cm3

1395 cm3

Power

94 kW / 128 HP at 6300 rpm

110 kW / 150 HP at 6,200 rpm

110 kW / 150 HP at 5000 rpm

110 kW / 150 HP at 5000 rpm

Torque

155 N·m at 4,850 rpm

192 N·m at 4000 rpm

250 nm at 1500-3500 rpm

250 nm at 1500-3500 rpm

TRANSMISSION

Drive type

front

front

front

front

Transmission

A6

A6

P7

P7

Gear ratio: I / II / III / IV / V / VI / VII / z.x.

4,40 / 2,73 / 1,83 / 1,39 / 1,00 / 0,77 / — / 3,44

4,40 / 2,73 / 1,83 / 1,39 / 1,00 / 0,77 / — / 3,44

3,76 / 2,27 / 1,53 / 1,13 / 1,18 / 0,96 / 0,80 / 4,17

3,76 / 2,27 / 1,53 / 1,13 / 1,18 / 0,96 / 0,80 / 4,17

Main gear

3,80

3,27

4,44 / 3,23

4,44 / 3,23

SUSPENSION

Suspension: front / rear

McPherson / multi-link

McPherson / elastic cross beam

McPherson / elastic cross beam

McPherson / multi-link

Steering

rack & pinion with MDPS

rack & pinion with MDPS

rack & pinion with MDPS

rack & pinion with MDPS

Brakes: front / rear

disc, ventilated /disc, ventilated

disc, ventilated / disc

disc, ventilated / disc

disc, ventilated / disc

Tires

205/55 R16

205/55 R16

225/45 R17

225/45 R17

SERVICE IN NUMBERS

The frequency of the

Guarantee

Dealers (workshop)

KIA CEED

15 000 km or 12 months

5 years or 150 000 km

183

KIA CERATO

183

SKODA OCTAVIA

15 000 km or 12 months

2 years without mileage limitation

122

VW GOLF

101


EXPERT EVALUATION OF VEHICLES

Scores are given by the expert group SP. Evaluation is not absolute, but shows the location of the machine in this test with specific opponents. Maximum score — 10 points (ideal), 8 points is the norm for machines in this class.

Model

KIA CEED

KIA CERATO

SKODA OCTAVIA

VW GOLF

The driver

The front seats are good at all four, but only Golf can make the driver a massage. To controls subjects no issues. Visibility “Koreans” — with no complaints. Both cars of the Volkswagen group sad little side mirrors.

Seat

8

8

8

9

Controls

9

9

9

9

Overview

8

8

7

7

Salon

Quality materials Volkswagen and Skoda is still superior to the Kia. As part of the ergonomics of the Ceed and Cerato not worse, and their multimedia displays are located faster. The most cramped rear seat — Golf and SIDA, at the opposite pole — Octavia. Similar situation — with trunks.

The front part

8

8

9

9

The rear part

7

8

10

7

The trunk

8

9

10

7

Ride quality

Ceed 128 “horses” inferior in dynamics of the 150‑strong competitor, but he is quite cheerful. Сerato on limit opportunities only a little nedotyagivaet to “Europeans”, but thanks to the sensible machine to control the thrust even better. The brakes of the four of you — no questions asked. Cerato is managed well, other machine — cool!

Dynamics

8

9

9

9

Brake

8

8

8

8

Handling

9

8

10

9

Comfort

Skoda and Volkswagen are quieter “Koreans”. Ceed plays Golf and Octavia only of the engine noise, and the Cerato is added to the background of the road. Outsider on the ride — Ceed. In terms of climate Laggards — Ceed and Golf: the first version with a 1.6‑liter engine unavailable deflectors rear row, the second heated rear seats.

Noise

8

7

9

9

Ride

7

8

8

8

Climate

8

9

9

8

Adaptability to Russia

All under the plastic engine protection about 150-160 mm. the Front bumper from the ground is separated on average 200 mm On Kia give a five year guarantee. Full-size spare wheel (Golf — even on the short drive) is all but Sid. Atmospheric motors Kia is ready to work on 92‑m gasoline.

Accessibility

8

8

8

8

Service

9

9

8

8

Operation

8

9

8

8

Overall rating

8,07

8,33

8,67

8,20

Golf and Octavia vs Kia Ceed and Cerato, whose platform is cooler

  • To transport sports equipment, whether skis or bike, I want putting them in the car, without spoiling the upholstery and scratching the plastic. It is necessary to purchase a carrier system on the roof of the car trunk. But it is possible to mount the mount for the carriage of skis, bicycles or even autobacs.

Golf and Octavia vs Kia Ceed and Cerato: whose platform, crocetto: Alexander Kulnev

Regional application of traffic violations via smartphone may be the conflicting laws.Alexander Khlynov

Materials


New penalties for traffic violations: known sizes. Discounts will not be!

Moscow authorities are going to affect the adoption in its current form, the draft law on the Federal mobile app for traffic violations via smartphone, is tied to website services. Otherwise, the program “Assistant of Moscow”, being a regional, loses its legal force, issued via the fines are invalid.

This forced the Vice-mayor of Moscow Maxim Liksutov to write a letter to the interior Ministry, where he asks to bring in the bill some amendments. May become invalid and the application “public inspector”, which is used by residents of the Republic of Tatarstan. According to “Kommersant”, the interior Ministry promised to take into account the request of the Metropolitan official.

Recall that in early February of this year a bill on the Federal application was accepted by the state Duma in the first reading. According to him, for the portal of public services will be a special program with which users of the portal, and there are more than 65 million, will be able to record traffic violations on camera in their smartphones. Video to be routed to the traffic police for analysis and clearance of fines. The project budget was allocated 2.7 billion rubles.

With the adoption of the new law, all regional annexes become legally binding, as they have no connection with the portal. The app “Assistant of Moscow”, for example, works through the website mos.ru.

Second, violations related to the wrong or unpaid Parking in the capital, belong to Cao of Moscow and not to the administrative code.

Thirdly, the bill takes into account only the video recording of violations and are not accepted as proof of guilt pictures. As a result, “the Assistant of Moscow” and “public inspector” do not meet the unified requirements.

On the illegality of proposals for the revision of the draft law made by Maxim Liksutov, the Chairman of the Duma Committee on state construction Vyacheslav Lysakov. He reminded that such proposals must be brought in the state Duma through the city Council or through deputies of the State Duma, which represented the interests of capital.

“Moscow and Tatarstan are now working outside the legal field, as required for operation of the changes to the Cao are developed only by us”, — stressed Vyacheslav Lysakov.

But despite the “work outside the legal field”, to challenge fines issued by the fire”, Assistant of Moscow”, the motorists fails.

  • Other materials rubric “Law” can be found here.

Photo: AGN Moscow

The car presented on Sunday in an enclosed pavilion at the international defense exhibition IDEX-2019 in the United Arab Emirates.Elena Alekseeva

Materials


Cars Aurus will be releasing in the middle East

Luxury car Aurus placed in the exhibition of Emirati Tawazun holding, but it is hidden from prying eyes.

Official presentation of the car will be held today, February 18, reports the news Agency TASS. Likely to shows not only the limousine, but a sedan.

The world premiere of the car will take place at the Geneva motor show in March this year.

IDEX is one of the most important international exhibitions of arms and security technologies. Held under the patronage of Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al Nahyan — President of UAE, supported by the government and the armed forces of the country.

  • In July 2018, it was announced that the state-owned company from the UAE Tawazun will be included in joint venture Sollers and US. The Arabs plan to invest in a joint venture 110 million euros.
  • Following Vladimir Putin’s limousine Aurus moved and Dmitry Medvedev.

Photo: instagram.com/aurus_russia/

Julia Reiner behind the wheel of a BMW X6 hit a taxi driver.Alexander Khlynov

Materials


The driver drove the inspector of traffic police on the oncoming lane and crashed

Driving a BMW X6, a participant of the project “the Voice 4” Julia Reiner was killed by a driver who left the roadway near the house 134 on the Leningrad highway for the inspection of his broken car. 35-year-old girl had stopped to assist the victim, who from the received traumas has died.

To retain star employees of traffic police helped recording from street surveillance cameras, told in a press-service of traffic police of Moscow of RIA news. To catch the violators are employees of traffic police took less than an hour. Her car was discovered the damage that could be inflicted on the body hit the taxi driver. The singer does not deny the incident. The investigation is underway.

  • Other materials rubric “Accidents” can be found here.

Photo: depositphotos.com

Inmesnosti is made in accordance with a further development of the design concept of a Dynamic Shield, which has already received the owl embodied in the models of Cross Eclipse, Outlander, Pajero Sport and L200 pick-up updated.

Changed both bumpers, hood and fenders, there were large sections of fog light and turn signals, the rear lights are now led with horizontal elements. The color palette is enriched with three new shades: Red Diamond, Sunshine Orange and Brown Oak.

In the cabin ASX installed an upgraded multimedia system with a larger 8-inch display, improved synchronization with mobile devices: mobile navigation Tom Tom. After some time, the Japanese manufacturer will release the app, which will be able to obtain basic information about the car.

Mitsubishi Eclipse Cross: bright future glorious past

In Europe, the crossover will be offered with an advanced two-litre MIVEC petrol engine paired with a five-speed manual transmission or a CVT with six virtual ranges. Available both types of drive: front and complete.

Public premiere of the updated Mitsubishi ASX will be held in early March at the Geneva motor show. The model of the current generation was introduced in December 2009 and for the fourth time, has undergone restyling. In Ukraine, the ASX is offered at a price of 528 000 UAH for the version with the 1.6-liter engine and “mechanics”.

The updated Mitsubishi L200 pick-up: moustache for the 40th anniversary

March Bugatti, this year celebrating its 110th anniversary, planning a surprise extreme car… worth 16 million euros ($18 million)! The cost of new items five times higher than the price serial Chiron (3.5 million euros) and breaks the record sverhmoschnogo Rolls-Royce Sweptail over 13 million dollars.

It is assumed that a very expensive car built on the base coupe Bugatti Chiron with an 8-liter 1500-horsepower gasoline engine W16. Normal Chiron for dispersal to “hundred” requires 2.5 seconds, and in 13,6 crossed the mark of 300 km/h.

The new brake system Bugatti (VIDEO)

It is already known that the new hypercar will be shown at the Geneva auto show, which opens on March 5 of this year. According to rumors, Bugatti plans to release just one copy of the most expensive car in the world and he will get the former boss of Volkswagen Group, Ferdinand the Piha – grandson of the legendary founder of the Porsche brand.

Hypercar Bugatti Divo: EUR 5 million apiece and are all already sold out

In the sale large selection of window films. They differ in properties and color. Price architectural film is determined by its type. What parameters to look for when choosing? And where to buy quality film material? Details are disclosed in the article below.

Choose a tinting film that is designed especially for homes and office spaces. Also, such films are referred to as architectural. They retain the natural light of the room and enjoy the view from the window at any time of day, thus to avoid excessive overheating of the room.

If you buy an architectural film with a mirrored tint in the color chrome or bronze, the exterior of your home will look even more attractive. Nice looks like tinted glass on the Windows of private houses, apartments in apartment houses, office buildings. Also such film is used inside office buildings to separate the inner spaces from prying eyes.

The characteristics of the architectural film

When choosing look at indicators such as the VLT, IRR, UVR.

  • VLT — shows the percentage of light transmission. To see equally well by day and by night buy the film the highest.
  • IRR is the degree of reflection of infrared radiation. Reflecting the rather high percentage of external heat, the film saves energy and adjusts the temperature in the room. The higher the score, the higher the reflection of the heat outside.
  • UVR — percent reflection of UV radiation. The higher the score, the higher the degree of protection. Architectural film with UVR 99% to reduce the harmful effects of sunlight on the human body, protect the furniture and floor coverings in the room from fading.

Depending on what effect you expect after tinting the Windows, look at a particular indicator. Apply architectural film on the plastic Windows independently.

To tinted window you will need:

  • detergent — glass you first need to wash;
  • special tools:
  • sharp knife to cut the appropriate size;
  • distillation to have a good smooth film coating and expel excess water;

The sequential coating process of architectural film on a residential window, read the article.

Where to buy architectural film?

In the online store Vissbon you will find architectural film with varying degrees of light transmission and high UV protection. Here you can order your desired yardage or by the roll (30 m). When choosing a look at features and product photos. To assess the real quality of customer reviews.

If you need assistance in calculating the length, ask for help to the consultant online store. More information on the website Vissbon.

A while to warm up interest to the Czechs published the first design sketches of new items. Skoda Vision iV develops the ideas contained in the concept of Vision E two years ago. Kupeobrazny crossover was built on a modular platform MEB and equipped with two electric motors (one for each axis) with total capacity of 306 horsepower. Under-floor lithium-ion battery, provided the mileage up to 500 km on a single charge.

Features of the new show-Kara — luminous band across the entire width of the body, which will be the hallmark of all of Skoda electric cars, such as an led strip integrated into the rear diffuser. As well as the latter models on the trunk lid emblazoned inscription Skoda. Well, other trend pieces: a drop-down roof, large 22-inch wheels, cameras in the form of a shark fin instead of side mirrors.

The cheapest Skoda crossover: first live photos

Most likely, the Skoda Vision iV and will be the basis of the first production electrocreaser Czech brand, has been promised to us next year. And in the second half of this will start selling the electrified version of the compact hatchback Skoda Citigo.

Public premiere of the Skoda concept Vision iV will be held in early March at the Geneva motor show. There’s also going to debut a new model of Scala, and Kamiq.

The latest hatchback Skoda Scala went on the conveyor