Modern cars are equipped with numerous electronic assistants. ABS, ASR, ESP, Brake Assist others in case of an emergency on the road insure, I will. But to blindly trust the electronics not. The driver should be able to get out of a difficult situation, otherwise an accident is not prevented. Moreover, sometimes electronics might not help, but rather to prevent it.
Often emergency situations occur due to the demolition or skidding car. For starters, let’s define the concepts. Skid is a violation of the vehicle along the longitudinal plane of the wheel. That is when I start to “walk” the rear axle. A demolition is when the adjustment requires the front axle of the machine.
It’s a classic. The drive wheels in the back, they push the car forward, and turn front. That is why, in turn, as soon as the driver turns the wheel to enter the turn, and sharply presses gas, the drive wheels get into a slip and the rear axle tends to overtake the front. So there is drift. To fight him you need before skidding 180 degrees. To do this, turn the wheel into the skid and gently remove the rod, that is, let go of the gas pedal.
To counter skid on the rear wheel drive you need to let go of the gas pedal and turn the steering wheel into the skid.To counter skid on the rear wheel drive you need to let go of the gas pedal and turn the steering wheel into the skid.
And in any case do not press on the brake! This will only aggravate the situation.
The main thing here is not to linger, to work with a wheel ahead. Otherwise the car is not stabiliziruemost after the skid, and go to another, then a third. This is called rhythmic skid. Each time its amplitude increases, and catch the car becomes increasingly difficult. Especially, as you can guess, in the winter time. This ends usually in tears — in a ditch or into oncoming traffic.
So rhythmic skid looks in theory.
But so in practice.
To reduce the risk of skidding on winter roads, you must obey the speed limit, braking to the turn and ahead of time to choose a gear in which the rotation you want to pass. If the road is slippery, is better to choose a lower gear, and automatic transfer box in manual mode and select, say, third or second gear.
To not feel like a cow on ice, you can use the outer part of the rotation. There’s usually a lot of snow, and in the middle and on the inside of the bend — ice. Tires cling to the snow, so as the athletes, there is a “stick”. Because the turn you can go safer and faster.To not feel like a cow on ice, you can use the outer part of the rotation. There’s usually a lot of snow, and in the middle and on the inside of the bend — ice. Tires cling to the snow, so as the athletes, there is a “stick”. Because the turn you can go safer and faster.
To work pedals should smoothly, but if you want to quickly reset the speed before the turn, step on the brakes vigorously and boldly. The ABS system will not allow the wheels to lock. The anti-lock system does not reduce stopping distances, as is often mistakenly claimed, but allows you to keep control of the car. And so there is a chance, turning the wheel away from the obstacle or oncoming car. To reduce a brake way able system Brake Assist — emergency brake assist. Electronics increases the pressure in the braking system, without waiting for the driver fully depressing the pedal. It allows you to start braking a little earlier, and with the highest possible intensity.
On many modern machines regardless of the type of drive there is the system of exchange rate stability ESP. It prevents the development of skidding or demolition car. The system is useful and will help in a difficult situation, but, alas, not a panacea for all ills. If the driver took over with the speed on corner entry, electronics at first will slow down the drive wheels, and then will reduce the supply of fuel and bring the car out of the drift gas will be impossible. The driver turns to the audience.
Most modern machines have a function to disable the ESP system. Either the button or via the menu cluster. Usually disabled when this is not the stabilization system and traction control system ASR. The latter works in conjunction with ESP, ABS and other electronic assistants. To disable ASR is necessary, if the vehicle is stuck in snow or can’t stop in the slippery climb. Then the electronics will not slow down the drive wheels and to climb will be easier.
FWD main thing is not to throw gas.FWD main thing is not to throw gas.
This type of drive is the most popular. Introduction into the front-wheel drive car occurs for the same reason as on the back of the drive. Sharply yanked the steering wheel or braked — welcome to the ditch!
Pull and turn the car then the front wheels, because the main rule — in any case not to throw gas. Even if the feed “went out” somewhere to the side — not terrible. Front wheel will take out both on direct and turn-in. And again important rule — don’t touch the brake, deploy!
On corner exit if touched with the gas, the front axle can start to demolish the outer part of the bend. No need to be frightened: on the edge of the road snow, and the tires will engage, stopping the slide. But it is better not to bring this up, and to raise the foot off the gas. Thus, the driver loads the front of the car and increases downforce and, as a consequence, coupling due to “engine braking”. This allows you to stabilize the car and reduces the likelihood of understeer. Remember: the less slides, the more stable the machine is and safer movement.
|Four-wheel drive vehicle on ice is the most stable. It will be the last to cling of all the wheels for coating, but…four-wheel drive vehicle on ice is the most stable. It will be the last to cling of all the wheels for coating, but…||…breakdown in the drift four-wheel drive vehicle occurs abruptly, and this should be ready….the failure of the traction four-wheel drive vehicle occurs abruptly, and this should be ready.|
AWD cars with many options of designs that are in varying degrees affect the control. For example, on machines with pluggable front axle (such as the Volkswagen Amarok, Toyota Fortuner, Isuzu D-Max) you can use the techniques relevant to rear-wheel drive cars. Cars with a visco (Toyota RAV4, Honda CR-V, Ford Kuga) to stop the rear wheels the Parking brake and use some of the techniques for driving a front wheel drive car. There are common methods of management: about the brake in a slippery turn again forget, turn the steering wheel into the skid and keep the gas. Release the pedal and the car immediately saskaitit out of turn all four wheels.
Four-wheel drive vehicle to the last grip. It is the most stable of all three types of drive. But the failure of the slide occurs sharply, and it should be considered. To work with gas in any case you need smoothly. With sufficient thrust the machine will remain manageable.
Techniques of defensive driving used to correct error, which the driver has already done. Don’t allow her anticipate the situation in advance. If the winter road is badly cleaned/lit/seen or on the ice, and ahead of a sharp turn – in advance, reduce speed and be careful. Good luck on the road!
How to cope with skidding, “Behind the wheel”How to handle a skid, “Behind the wheel”