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Invented by Americans: 7 ideas that changed the auto industry

In this collection of inventions are epochal, and not too significant, and almost forgotten, and relevant to this day.Vladimir Arkusha

The fact, however, that no site design, no element of the exterior of the car has not been neglected by those seeking to make the car more convenient, safer, more reliable. Watch and compare!

1. Roof-rolled cigarette

The car brand Plymouth — one of the brands of the Chrysler Corporation in 1939 for the first time equipped with servo for folding and closing the soft roof. The invention will not be called epoch-making, but followers of public bodies do not regret the dollars for getting rid of fuss with a tent. Moreover, not every machine was missing one pair of hands: many needed an assistant. Despite the competition from folding metal roofs, awnings and soft, and the mechanisms for their folding used so far, although the proportion of convertibles is clearly reduced.

Awning Plymouth Convertible 1939 was lowered and pulled by the push of a button.Awning Plymouth Convertible 1939 was lowered and pulled by the push of a button.

70 years later: tilt servo on the convertible BMW 1-series, model 2008 godspot 70 years: tilt servo on the convertible BMW 1-series, model 2008

2. Lights under the hood

Lights have long existed as a separate element of the exterior, and models Cord 810 1936 they not only hid in the wings, but the first time I closed the hood for better aerodynamics and for the sake of greater wholeness, even some of the mystique look. But the popularity of hidden headlamps conquered much later — in 1980-e years, especially on sports models. Over time, the light devices become more compact and powerful, they are easier to fit into the streamlined contours of the body. Besides sticking out of the hood “houses” could injure pedestrians when hitting. In General, interest in the hidden headlights faded as quickly as it arose.

Cord 810 at the festival “autoexotic” in Tushino.Cord 810 at the festival “autoexotic” in Tushino.

Under the hood, could hide and four lights: for example, Lotus Esprit 1993.Under the hood, could hide and four lights: for example, Lotus Esprit 1993.

3. Knock on wood

Another American feature — woody, the machine finish the tree. For several decades it was widely used for trucks and utility bodies. The development of large stamping from a sheet made obvious advantage of all-steel structures. Then the tree was allowed to finish in a country style, indulging the tastes of farmers and many inhabitants “one-storeyed” America. “Piece of wood” over the two models Buick 1953. Was replaced by a cheap imitation of the film.

Pre-war Ford with a wooden body “wagon”.Pre-war Ford with a wooden body “wagon”.

Convertible Chrysler Town & Country, 1949, only wood.Convertible Chrysler Town & Country, 1949, only wood.

4. The unkillable soldier

This car is worth all the other inventions of the Americans in the automotive industry: Willys MB, Ford GPW, he the same. The design of the jeep in 1940 to launch a series of about two years. For the production of selected prototype of the company Willys-overland by the way, he largely repeated different design: the American Bantam. But the real winner was Ford who managed to quickly establish mass production. During the years of world war II all of these firms produced almost 650 thousand cars, of which 52 thousand were the Soviet Army. They served as command vehicles, and vehicles for light anti-tank guns.

The jeep towed the 45-mm gun. Transcaucasian front, September 1942.The jeep towed the 45-mm gun. Transcaucasian front, September 1942.

The Soviet commander is watching the movement of the column of Jeeps with a 45-mm anti-tank guns.The Soviet commander is watching the movement of the column of Jeeps with a 45-mm anti-tank guns.

Ford GPW popular among collectors and restorers.Ford GPW popular among collectors and restorers.

5. Make no mistake the door, sir.

The first body type “stretch limousine” or simply “stretch” built firm Armbruster in 1928. The frame was extended hefty insert, sofas possessed, as in a conventional car, across the cabin, and each has its own pair of doors. Stretchy loved by the musicians of the jazz big bands and guests with expensive hotels. Such machines from the United States were served by one of the Soviet institutions in the late 1980s. But seriously and permanently settled in Russia limousines, whose salons turned into a cozy living room with sofas along the sides, bar, TV. Like 90 years ago, they are built in the USA by specialized firms using production models of the different brands.

Checker Aerobus was built in the United States from 1962 to 1977.Checker Aerobus was built in the United States from 1962 to 1977.

Cadillac Escalade in demand among newlyweds.Cadillac Escalade in demand among newlyweds.

6. The records on all cylinders

Steam cars are now almost forgotten — but they competed successfully with gasoline and electric up to the 1930-ies. Became well-known firm Stanley Motor Carriage built not only passenger “locomotive”, but also trucks and buses, and achieved both commercial and sporting success. In 1906 racing car Stanley Steamer reached the record speed for cars with any engine type: 127 miles or 204 kilometers per hour. The record was broken only five years, and as the highest achievements for steam cars have lasted to the present day — largely because of declining interest in the subject. Finally, in 2009 steam car English design developed at the airbase in the US, the average speed of 225 kilometers per hour.

A record check of the car Stanley Steamer at a distance of 1 mile (1609 m) in 1903.A record check of the car Stanley Steamer at a distance of 1 mile (1609 m) in 1903.

Stanley Steamer rocked the old meeting of old-timers in the United States, 2009.Stanley Steamer rocked the old meeting of old-timers in the United States, 2009.

7. Trump eight

Engine type V8 was not invented in the States, but the Americans drove him to that degree of perfection at which such motors have become widely popular. The most important step was made by the engineers of Ford: they performed both rows of cylinders and upper crankcase in a single casting. The complexity of body parts is significantly decreased, moreover, the blocks are convenient for automated processing.

The engine block Ford V8.The engine block Ford V8.

Sedan Ford Deluxe with a V8 engine model 1939.Sedan Ford Deluxe with a V8 engine model 1939.

Put on stream motors Ford V8 family of “flat head” — “ploskogolov” — was produced in the United States from 1932 to 1954. In France they are also completed in the 1950s, SIMCA cars, and up to 1974 — army trucks, who served until the early 1990s.

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Photo: archive of author’sInvented by Americans: 7 ideas that changed the auto industry

In this collection of inventions are epochal, and not too significant, and almost forgotten, and relevant to this day.

Invented by Americans: 7 ideas that changed avtopredprijatie Americans: 7 ideas that changed the auto industry

In this collection of inventions are epochal, and not too significant, and almost forgotten, and relevant to this day.

Invented by Americans: 7 ideas that changed the auto industry

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