Tuning — useful and useless. Or… completely useless? Let’s deal.Revin Alex “driving”the ExpertKolodochkin Michael “at the wheel”Expert
Fifty years ago, when the shelves of auto shops have been consistently half-empty, any outlandish thing caused a continued interest buyers. The chosen lucky ones bought in the currency shops “the birch” covers for the steering wheel, a panoramic interior mirror, and even compasses on suckers. It seemed all the elements of unprecedented steepness, allowing you to stand out from the masses like you. And today, this tinsel is sold in every tent.
What it is: a BMW or Volkswagen Golf still? In order to make the vehicle a “show-stopper”, you need to invest a lot of effort and money.What it is: a BMW or Volkswagen Golf still? In order to make the vehicle a “show-stopper”, you need to invest a lot of effort and money.
What is the tuning?
The word “tuning” (tuning) translated to English means “setting”. That’s right — the owner configures the car for yourself. For example, long ago the owners installed a non-standard jets in the carb, trying to get a result either more power or better economy. It was also a tuning, although the word in those days was not yet common. In General, all introduced in the car is non-standard, something that was not installed on the Assembly line, fit the concept of “tuning”.
If earlier owners of the car changed the jets on the carb, now when their machine turned into a real rarity, more attention is paid to appearance.If earlier owners of the car changed the jets on the carb, now when their machine turned into a real rarity, more attention is paid to appearance.
Today this phenomenon is actually divided into two parts. The first group includes those changes to the car, which, most likely, will not cause complaints from the authorities. But the second, on the contrary, can prevent you complete instrument control, will provoke a long and complicated conversation with the inspector on the road, if not will be deprived of driving license for quite a long time. Also, if this machine gets into a serious accident, it was found during the examination of a significant change in design, not duly registered, will play against the owner.
Tuning threat (invalid)
The answer to the question, what kind of tuning you can recognize is certainly dangerous and therefore unacceptable, give us the Rules of the road. Remember, with any faults of the car’s systems can not only “follow to a Parking lot or repair with observance of necessary precautions” to start a movement? Correctly, steering and brake system, and tow hitch. It turns out that, in making any changes (zatonirovany) one of these systems, we lose the right to travel on public roads. Examples of dangerous tuning can be called the use of any non-standard parts and components in the steering and brake system. It is unacceptable to change the steering mechanisms (including the self-installation amps of any type) and the wheel. Such tuning can result in sudden loss of control of the car. And a custom steering wheel can injure the driver in the accident.
The brakes are also not to be trifled with. Those who own put disc brakes on the rear axle, is subjected to unacceptable risks on the road and their alien life. Custom brakes can change the balance of the braking effort on the wheels during braking and cause a skid. In addition, the brake hoses going to the mechanisms, to be laid differently: in this limit the suspension travel can be overwhelming, and the hoses will break.
In theory, having done all of the above work, you can go to the certification bodies for testing and to report on the safety of such alteration. But even to get there will have on the tow truck!
The most innocuous transformation, typically, rooted inside the cabin. Technical regulations forbids us to change the steering wheel and other major controls, and seatbelts and seats. But the interior lighting, music, additional instruments and trip computer, Parktronic, modified mirrors, any trim and seat covers, floor mats, arm rests, switches, and strings of lighting can be considered harmless.
GAZ-21 — was originally a beautiful car. Was it better to look this machine after it had a hand in tuning fans?GAZ-21 — was originally a beautiful car. Was it better to look this machine after it had a hand in tuning fans?
But the external tuning is very limited. Here, it is in the best position are the owners of old cars taken out of production. They, in particular, are allowed to install lighting from other models. The owner of the machine that is still produced, can not do without almost anything without a complicated certification process. And then just need to divide tyuningovykh to those who are willing to go through the crucible of certification testing and modification of the documents for the car, and on those who act quietly. For example, almost imperceptible little “game” with the size of wheels and tyres — especially if the car factory workers put a few options of sizes.
The example is not clear to all tuning. So why the heavy “rascal” such low profile tires? For beauty? Disputed in this case explanation. How many people, so many tastes, as they say.The example is not clear to all tuning. So why the heavy “rascal” such low profile tires? For beauty? Disputed in this case explanation. How many people, so many tastes, as they say.
A slight change of departure CDs probably go unnoticed. A small suspension lift (no more than 20-30 mm) also no one is interested, of course, except when you arrive to repair this very suspension of the guarantee to the official. However, many kind people underestimate the car as much as 100 millimetres — they need a vehicle viscouse sparks all speed bumps.
Perhaps the owner tries to love his car. But expresses it in this way. Mirrors, antennas, nagabuchi on the trunk lid… But what is the setting of the car has improved?Perhaps the owner tries to love his car. But expresses it in this way. Mirrors, antennas, nagabuchi on the trunk lid… But what is the setting of the car has improved?
You can still paste over part of the car wrap. This will make the car more visible on the road and might scare away car thieves, if your car is they demand. No, you can, of course, to paste and the whole machine, but then a transparent film. Importantly, the area covered with a different color of the outer surface of the body does not exceed 30%. Otherwise you’ll have to contact the traffic police in order to amend the documents.
Another direction of tuning, which is very difficult to trace is the chip-tuning the engine with the purpose of increasing power. If this phenomenon is not accompanied by the frenzied sound effects, to detect it, most likely, the authorities will not be able. And here is how it will affect the life of the engine and the entire powertrain, depends on the specific firmware version.
Curious shape of the exhaust pipe suggests that she often has to dig in the snow.Curious shape of the exhaust pipe suggests that she often has to dig in the snow.
A very popular tuning of lighting by replacing incandescent bulbs with hid and led. To put a non-native bulbs in the headlights do not advise: it is fraught with bad consequences — up to the deprivation of rights (article 12.5 of the administrative code). But in the rear lamps led lamps often impossible to discern, but they provide some energy savings and enviable performance, which is especially important for stop-signals.
The green-eyed… something. Good light from such lamps can be expected. And rights can be denied for a ride on such a car.The green-eyed… something. Good light from such lamps can be expected. And rights can be denied for a ride on such a car.
Useful can be considered as tuning that is associated with fine-tuning the electrical on the car:
- nice to give the coated wire to the DVR, the Navigator and radar detector
- to install an extra power outlet for rear seat passengers
- arrange the lighting glovebox
- to improve Luggage compartment light
All this improves the quality of consumer cheap car. But we must remember that all newly installed electrical circuits shall be protected by fuses of the appropriate amperage.
Tuning without borders
There are fanatical fans to change your car, for which the rigor of the certification bodies is not an obstacle. To those in the current law include:
Jeepers, that for the sake of the patency of their cars are ready for anything. Liptovka, installation of winches, off-road tires non-standard dimensions. In the lexicon of such motorists still present snorkels, videotronic, power bumpers, locking differentials and so on. All these measures require mandatory certification. However, the majority of club members are law-abiding and sometimes, having made absolutely extreme off road, takes its off-road rides on a trailer;
street racing, which use machines charged, understated, and often with a modified exhaust system and therefore noisy beyond measure. But discipline often such owners are no different;
without guilt! Who are they? Unfortunately, in the current law, those who have installed a tow hitch or gas equipment a few years ago, are now “persona non grata” on our roads. Without made to PTS and STS entries about the installation of these devices will be officially impossible to scan the card, and sell the car harder;
lovers of car audio. Unlimited decibels good to compete in this very car audio. But when one such member will be in your backyard? And even after midnight, Yes poolroom a little… In General, everything has its time and its place;
Lovers audio live in their own world. A car with a crazy sound pressure cooking, mostly for competitions among their own kind. Importantly, such a machine has not appeared under the Windows of your home.Lovers audio live in their own world. A car with a crazy sound pressure cooking, mostly for competitions among their own kind. Importantly, such a machine has not appeared under the Windows of your home.
tuningshow entrepreneurs. Different kinds of elongated cars for weddings and other celebrations can bring good income, so stretch everything from SUVs to smaller cars. Such alterations should also be considered before traveling on public roads;
An elongated GAS 24-10 is a typical example of “wedding DIY”. Over the humpbacked bridge this machine will not move, but it’s probably not required. I wonder if she balanced the driveshaft?An elongated GAS 24-10 is a typical example of “wedding DIY”. Over the humpbacked bridge this machine will not move, but it’s probably not required. I wonder if she balanced the driveshaft?
owners of antique carsthat are restored not authentic, and use all sorts of modern stuff. If the old car put the nodes from other machines, then it ceases to be just being retro. All payments, even if made by designers 70 years ago, in this “hodgepodge” is not working. They do, of course, but don’t forget that otopitelniy have to go through a certification process to go on public roads.
In the life of motorists found option when you have purchased a used car with modifications. Here at once it is necessary to determine whether the ideas and goals of the tuning the previous owner with what you need from a car. For example, the previous owner is a passionate music lover, installed a fairly expensive and high-quality music. It is important that when selling he took out one of the most important components, lack of which will upset the whole ensemble.
Sometimes you have to go in dismantling elements of the tuning made by a previous owner to not have complaints from the traffic police. For example, rastvorova as windscreen and glass front doors. To remove non-xenon headlights from, and possibly to dismantle an unregistered gas equipment if you don’t want to do it the official design.
An example of tuning, which is best described as forced. Ugly, uncomfortable, but the owner is probably happy.An example of tuning, which is best described as forced. Ugly, uncomfortable, but the owner is probably happy.
Cheap (useless tuning)
Stupid from our point of view, the tuning we have recently told. Still, the car is not Christmas tree, but because, for example, a flexible luminous cable for plugging cracks in the cabin he doesn’t need.
Beautiful? Cool? In fact, those notorious blue lights in the lighting devices and the washer nozzles. Only the more expensive…Beautiful? Cool? In fact, those notorious blue lights in the lighting devices and the washer nozzles. Only the more expensive…
There are huge flavors on the front panel, glow-caps on the wheels, stickers and La sport, hindering the normal review, spoilers and other spoilers, a cheap alien figures-the mascots on the bonnet, and, unfortunately, much more. Drivers of such vehicles are unlikely to realize how pathetic this looks.
One can argue about the difference between a wing and spoiler. But now it’s about tuning. Specifically senseless and even ridiculous. Did the owner believes that his car gained with this scolding some new quality?One can argue about the difference between a wing and spoiler. But now it’s about tuning. Specifically senseless and even ridiculous. Did the owner believes that his car gained with this scolding some new quality?
And the deer looked much more impressive…And the deer looked much more impressive…
Unfortunately, in most cases, the tuning result is disappointing — if not the owner, then others. By the way, to sell “fancy” car is usually much harder than the ordinary “Cinderella”: the owner remembers about the money spent and, of course, wants to compensate for the loss. And the buyer, before that, as a rule, no case…
Anyone who is ready to give examples of obviously useful car tuning, we invite you to share your ideas.
Is there a useful tuning expertise ZR
Photo: archive of authors
Is there a useful tuning expertise, Photo: “Behind the wheel.Of the Russian Federation”