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Moskvich-2140 — retrocast

Going to distant seventies of the last in the history of AZLK Moskvich rear-wheel drive.

Moskvich‑2140Москвич‑2140

Actually, I always liked the 412, although well aware that the Muscovite‑2140 perfect. But the early “forties” seemed somehow chopped off, lost the lightness and swiftness of a very successful previous body. But now the Muscovite‑2140 seems quite harmonious and certainly cute and family. Of course, it is not in him but in me. It is all the same as in year of birth — 1976.

Annual report

The main achievements of the Soviet family of the 1970s: though not very big, but a separate apartment, garden house on six acres, the old memory fondly called big name “cottage”, a private car and, of course, a garage to it, brick or even metal. Because to realize that the car that long hoarded, held and which cherish like a family heirloom, available to all winds, and hackers, is very hard!

Like it or sneer over the Soviet thesis “the steady increase in the welfare of the Soviet people”, it really grew. However, not all. The volume of car production in the USSR was markedly lower demand. For example, in 1976, when AZLK has launched a series of Moskvich‑2140, the total output of all plants in the country barely exceeded 1.2 million vehicles. And that’s 260 million citizens of the USSR! But in those years, the Union sent a lot of cars on exports and a deficit only amplified.

The Muscovite engine was reputed to be reliable and durable. To the right is the vacuum brake booster.The Muscovite engine was reputed to be reliable and durable. To the right is the vacuum brake booster.

The seventy-sixth year of the Soviet Union was rich in events. In February, hosted the XXV Congress of the CPSU with the usual endless report of the Secretary-General, sounding of all the radios and televisions all day, and then a very long repeated passages. In the same year exchanged “bully” — dissident Vladimir Bukovsky, Luis Corvalan, leader of the Chilean Communists. In 1976 established the medal for construction of Baikal-Amur mainline. A Grand building BAM was in full swing.

Now we can only wonder, how one year could make so many good films will forever remain in the history of cinema. Here and “Twenty days without war” Alexey Herman, “the Ascension” Larissa Shepitko, “the Key is not transferable” Dinara Assanova… By the way, the movie we have always been better than cars.

However, for the Soviet automobile industry and car enthusiasts in 1976 is also a landmark. VAZ was delighted buyers “six” — the most powerful, the most ornate and therefore prestigious Togliatti machine and AZLK has finally launched the long-awaited Moskvich‑2140.

Moskvich‑2734Москвич‑2734

Moskvich‑2137Москвич‑2137

A FAMILY ROW

Moskvich‑21403 for people with disabilities.Moskvich‑21403 for people with disabilities.

Moskvich‑2140 was produced from 1976 to 1988. Equipped with engine 1.5 (75 HP), and a part of the machine is derated 68‑horsepower engine, designed for 76‑octane gasoline. Transmission four-speed.

Main modifications: station wagon Moskvich‑2137, van Moskvich‑2734 (1976 and 1978 produced a total of 4085 copies), Muscovite‑21403 — with manual control for disabled people, Moskvich‑21406 — the so-called rural, with 68‑horsepower engine, front drum brakes, underbody protection of the engine and other tires, as well as the Moskvich‑2140 SL with a different exterior finish and interior.

In parallel I made a version with the engine Moskvich‑408: sedan Moskvich‑2138, station wagon Moskvich‑2136, van Moskvich‑2733.

Moskvitch 2140 Lux, aka Moskvitch 1.5 SLМосквич‑2140 Suite, aka Moskvitch 1.5 SL

The so-called rural Moskvich‑21406.The so-called rural Moskvich‑21406.

Last classic

Buy Moskvich or Lada? Such a choice, many Soviet citizens were not — took what I got after a long queue, the right to get in which gave the leadership of the party committees of enterprises. But, in fairness, if the choice was, preference was usually given to the Lada. They’re a little roomier, “the Zhiguli” the oven heats perfectly even in the most severe frosts. And yet — excellent for those times dynamics, good brakes, comfortable and precise shifting. And most importantly — the Lada was reputed to be more reliable.

But the Muscovites had fans, though less numerous. Dignity? Reliable engine, not suffering, unlike VAZ, diseases of the camshaft and oil caps, moreover, easily controllable and maintainable. No boring of cylinders and the repair sizes of pistons at overhaul (machine-then exploited — sometimes three generations of one family)! Replaced the liner, put new pistons and went. With proper, skillful adjusting the ignition and carburetor 75‑strong moskovichevskoe motor provides better performance, not worse than the Lada (at least, with polutoralitrovym engine). However, the work of the Muscovite engine has improved with the advent of the Lada. Moscow machine is notorious Leningrad 126 th carb, too, was much more advanced and reliable DAAZ, “nee” — Weber.

The tachometer, but there is an ammeter and oil pressure gauge is more important for the devices.The tachometer, but there is an ammeter and oil pressure gauge is more important for the devices.

A small radio — a standard equipment of Muscovite. On the left — funny knob that controls the wiper and washer.A small radio — a standard equipment of Muscovite. On the left — funny knob that controls the wiper and washer.

In the mid‑1970s, the interior of the Muscovite‑2140 seemed quite modern. His curiosity was a steering wheel with a thick rim and solid bibically.In the mid‑1970s, the interior of the Muscovite‑2140 seemed quite modern. His curiosity was a steering wheel with a thick rim and solid bibically.

Under simple sliders ventilation and heating — ashtray with cigar lighter.Under simple sliders ventilation and heating — ashtray with cigar lighter.

Striking the knob of the gear lever element of the Soviet “tuning”.Striking the knob of the gear lever element of the Soviet “tuning”.

The weak point of the Muscovite — transmission with traction control, inherited the car from the time the paddle gear. Stroke of the lever and the clarity of the fixation on the background of the Lada was mediocre even if timely replacement of numerous bushings of the joints of the actuator. And reliability of the Omsk box was quite bad.

But the need of the suspension do not worse than the Lada. Handling? Spring rear suspension, of course, is archaic, but in fast turns Moskvich rearranges “the priest”, as did Lada, especially with worn bushings linkage rear suspension.

And how comfortable to sit! I wonder how a good landing in the old Muscovite. The seat is compared to modern seats, of course, unpretentious, but quite acceptable. Especially in combination with a good, balanced arrangement of the pedals. The driver’s legs fall to them easily, without the unnatural “Zhiguli” of the curve.

The top handle was responsible not only for opening the door but also for locking from the inside: you had to click it and a little lower down, overcoming the resistance of the spring.The top handle was responsible not only for opening the door but also for locking from the inside: you had to click it and a little lower down, overcoming the resistance of the spring.

Belts Estonian brand Norma — a sign of quality.Belts Estonian brand Norma — a sign of quality.

The model 2140 automobile plant named after Lenin Komsomol went on for almost ten years. Undoubtedly a good body of Moskvich‑408, and “four hundred and twelfth” the motor a little turned designers head. Quite a long time at the factory tried to create a similar car, increasing 412 in size, timidly changing the finish, trying out the new gearbox, which never became a serial (not the fault of the plant), and uprated engines. Truly a new car and not created. And only in 1976 there was a deeply modernized Moskvich‑2140. Changes compared to the 412‑m was significant: front Girling disc brakes, the cooling system with new thermostat (of course, “Zhigulevskoye”) and without archaic blinds, a completely new salon. But all this is long overdue.

Moskvich‑2140Москвич‑2140

The Moskvitch 2140 AZLK for the first time appeared the regular headrests.The Moskvitch 2140 AZLK for the first time appeared the regular headrests.

The spare wheel well to accommodate cargo. Muscovites classic layout never got rid of this drawback.The spare wheel well to accommodate cargo. Muscovites classic layout never got rid of this drawback.

For the USSR this car was quite acceptable, but the export position of Muscovites is almost lost. The 2140 model sold abroad, to put it mildly, sluggish. Even appeared in a few years the Deluxe version of the 2140 SL big interest from foreign buyers has not caused. In General, the latest Moscow classic Moskvich, rear-wheel-drive was perceived ambiguously. But now I look at it with very different eyes.

Own business

Really do not want to get out from behind the wheel! Unloaded on the highway exceed the speed limit and try not to dump it in turns to strike in a dirt the person before the drivers of the fancy modern machines. Of course, the sharpness of the steering is ironic but with a certain experience to adjust to it pretty quickly. As to the move of the gear lever. There is no wait — we Moskvich will not be a hindrance to young automotive talents on a narrow winding highway!

Moskvich‑2140Москвич‑2140

Childish, sure, but that probably sit in the car of his youth. Instead of air conditioning — summer breeze from the open window, rattling a small staff of radio adds a jazz element to the song’s old, but quite Hale and hearty 75‑horsepower motor.

Since the debut of the Muscovite‑2140 it’s been more than forty years, and our system of values has not changed: their own apartment, cottage, car. Of course, all of these benefits have changed. However, old movies are still watching, albeit not on the huge screens of multiplex cinemas, and in a more intimate setting.

In my opinion sophisticated, but it has decent health (with no restoration) Moskvich‑2140 is the same as these movies, breed. Outdated? I do not argue. Ride it now every day, especially in a big city, uncomfortable. But still there in the “forties” is something that causes warm feelings, slight sadness at parting and the desire to see him so energetic for many more years. I’m against the Muscovite biased? Of course! But I don’t see anything wrong with that.

Special STAGE

Moskvich‑2140 not have achieved such outstanding success in international competitions as its predecessor Moskvich‑412. However, in rally “forties” with a 1.6‑liter engine capacity 130-148 HP (such a version was officially homologated) still showed good results. The crew Filimonov M. Devel in 1984 at the rally Saturnus in Yugoslavia came in seventh in the overall standings. A year later in Finland, Rally of thousand lakes, the same crew, becoming the best among the Soviet, took 26‑th place in overall and third place in its class. For riders on the Muscovites it was the highest achievement, not surpassed in the future.

Moskvitch 2140 in a version for rally.Moskvitch 2140 in a version for rally.

Rally luxury version Moskvich‑2140 SL.Rally luxury version Moskvich‑2140 SL.

The editorial Board is grateful for the car Eugene Pagacova.

Moskvich-2140 — retrocast

Moskvich-2140 — retroactive: Yakubov Konstantin

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