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Test yourself on the knowledge of avtoliga: what does the master of a HUNDRED?

Many of the technical terms you probably have heard, but what they really mean and why exactly the sound that few people know. Understand what lies behind them.Revin Alex “driving”the ExpertKolodochkin Michael “at the wheel”Expert

About automobile jargon we spoke to — it was about terms like “melee shop”, “truck”, etc. But there is another “subspace” of interesting terms is not come from the people, but on the contrary, very common terms which do not stop and associate with the candidates. However, the terms contain some ambiguity — the usual for professionals but often confusing for beginners. A dozen examples we’ve provided below. As usual, all sarulesti urge to share knowledge on the affected area.

Frill

According to the dictionary of Vladimir dal, a ruff is a graduation bib, frill, ruching at the chest of the shirt… But there is such an element, for example, and the Kia CEE’d!According to the dictionary of Vladimir dal, a ruff is a graduation bib, frill, ruching at the chest of the shirt… But there is such an element, for example, and the Kia CEE’d!

Before the appearance in our country of the car VAZ-2110 no particular part between the bonnet and the windscreen are not met. Rare car — not in the bill. But on the “masterpiece of design” development since the late stagnation there was a huge plastic overlay. Sharp-tongued motorists once dubbed the “frill”. Now cars item located under the leashes janitors, often called that way.

Drum

Like a drum? Rather no than Yes, but the name stuck.Like a drum? Rather no than Yes, but the name stuck.

With there lobby and battle drums are led, according to Lermontov, to retreat basurman, automotive parts have, frankly, little in common — except that a cylindrical shape. But motoring famous for the fact that, in addition to drums in the same brake mechanisms, the details of the same name set in the automatic transmission!

Split bridge

Shows two of the rear axle, which, despite the seeming solidity, consisted each of two independent elements, rotatable about the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. So, for example, of unloaded Tatra differed pronounced “clubfoot”. Example of a car with split axles — truck Tatra 815-2 (pictured).Shows two of the rear axle, which, despite the seeming solidity, consisted each of two independent elements, rotatable about the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. So, for example, of unloaded Tatra differed pronounced “clubfoot”. Example of a car with split axles — truck Tatra 815-2 (pictured).

Just note that it should not be confused with the split bridge with a plug-in is a completely different concept. Fixed or detachable of the different types of bridges: roughly speaking, on the same car, you can use both. But the concept of “cut” and “uncut” already belong to the type of suspension of the car. A beam is a beam which rigidly connects the right and left wheels in cars with dependent suspension. But if the suspension is independent, then the beam will not do: the bridge is seemingly divided into two separate halves, living their lives.

Idler gear

This helps the idler gear Prior to reverse.This helps the idler gear Prior to reverse.

Generally speaking, any gear is part of gear mechanism, to provide the desired gear ratio. But in some cases it is not required to provide this relationship, but simply to change the direction of rotation is reversed. A typical example is the reverse gear in the gearbox. In addition, idler gear is applied in cases when the distance between the “entrance” and “exit” mechanism is large, and therefore cannot directly be linked working gear.

Tunnel crankcase

This is the entrance to the “tunnel” to the crankshaft. The crankshaft itself has a “streamlined” form.This is the entrance to the “tunnel” to the crankshaft. The crankshaft itself has a “streamlined” form.

In such housings do have a kind of tunnel: we are talking about the carters with the indigenous all-in-one supports. The housings make these pillars so that the crankshaft Assembly with main bearings installed in these nests through “the tunnel” — a hole in the side wall. Example — the engine of the ZAZ-968M and YAMZ-240. Yaroslavl engine is interesting because, being a 12 cylinder, it had a crankshaft with seven indigenous necks that are not rotated in the liners and on rollers running in the rings that are installed in the crankcase by deep cooling method.

Swinging candle

An example of using the “swinging candle” — suspension of the Renault Duster.An example of using the “swinging candle” — suspension of the Renault Duster.

No candles in the usual sense of the word here, of course not — it’s about the suspension, called a MacPherson strut. It is the same — MacPherson strut (eng. MacPherson suspension) or suspension rails racks, which in many sources is called “swinging candle”. Remember: the main element of this suspension serves as a suspension strut.

Spinal frame

The spinal frame was used for the Tatras different generations.The spinal frame was used for the Tatras different generations.

Feature of the spinal frame is that frame in the usual sense of the word here… do not! Instead, the main element of rigidity of the car itself becomes the transmission is combined into one solid unit, assembled in the form of a massive pipe. A kind of endless Carter with box razdatkoy, etc. in the Front connected motor, on each side of the wheel… win receive significant torsional rigidity at a relatively low metal content.

Pontoon body

One of the world’s first car with a body of a pontoon type, was the Victory (photo left). And the Mercedes (pictured right) had the title prefix ponton.One of the world’s first car with a body of a pontoon type, was the Victory (photo left). And the Mercedes (pictured right) had the title prefix ponton.

In this case, the term “pontoon” has no direct relationship to bistronomy crossings. Talking about the automotive bodies, which were first absent explicit pegs and eye-catching wings. The arches of the front wheels is integrated in the engine compartment, while there was a single upper line of the wings.

Shifter

The shifter should have been called vasomedical…Shifter it would be better to call vasomedical…

Phase timing is the period from the opening of the valve until it is closed, expressed in degrees of crankshaft rotation. The timing mechanism must ensure the optimum filling of the cylinder with fresh charge and a predetermined clearance from the exhaust gas.

Proper selection of timing phases provides the necessary power, efficiency and torque. But even the best indicators give system control valves, using not just mechanical Cams, and either a fully electromagnetic valve system, which includes work additional Cams.

There is a system that just turns the whole camshaft by a certain angle relative to the gear, causing the shaft to move. This system can hardly be called a phase shifter. In fact, he rather vasomedical.

The chain guide

Have a V-type engine with two cylinder heads, each of which is necessary to put a separate branch circuit. Therefore, we need two of the stator.Have a V-type engine with two cylinder heads, each of which is necessary to put a separate branch circuit. Therefore, we need two of the stator.

Of course, the chain is actually not particularly worried, but because and calm her down no need. Chain drive the camshaft (or shafts) just can oscillate with different frequencies and sometimes quite large amplitudes. To deal with this phenomenon and called the so-called chain guide. It is a plastic Shoe that is pressed against the chain with one hand, and therefore does not allow its free oscillation.

Test yourself on the knowledge of avtoliga: what does the master of a HUNDRED?Test yourself on the knowledge of avtoliga: what does the master of a HUNDRED?Photo: “Behind the wheel.Of the Russian Federation”

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