Ukraine is used to point to the European experience, implying that in the near future is our future. And looking at the programme for the implementation of electric vehicles in European everyday life, it is theoretically possible to assume that so will we. Theoretically. In fact, the European electric vehicles a lot of problems, which understood the correspondent of our source.That Europe may not be enough minerals for the production of batteries for electric vehicles, our source wrote. But that’s where the Europeans are ready to come the Chinese, who have so long been waiting for the opportunity to enter the European automotive market.
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According to Automotive Purchasing, a Chinese manufacturer of electric vehicles (EVD) BYD intends to build a plant in Morocco near Tangier for the production of cars and batteries. A Memorandum of understanding was signed at the Royal Palace in the coastal city of Casablanca in the presence of king Mohammed VI and President of BYD Wang Chuanfu, whose company supports the American investor Warren Buffett.
According to the Directors of the project, the plant in the new Mohammed VI Tangier Tech City, is part of a project between China and Morocco. It will produce electric cars, buses and trucks on a plot area of 50 hectares. The production will be employed 2,500 people. The plant will produce cells and batteries.
It is also planned to build electric trains, but the amount of investment and timeframe of the overall project was not announced. Production should start in 2023 or 2024 to 2025 to achieve the volume to 1 million cars a year.
Such a large-scale production is planned with the perspective of growth in the number of electric vehicles in Europe.
In fact, the electric vehicle is not an end in itself but a means. Means for reducing harmful emissions and greenhouse gases. But, first, it is not the only means on which reason all fixated. And secondly, it is not such a harmless and universal as it may seem at first glance.
In the report of the European environment Agency (EEA), published on 5 December, says that in 2016, the greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector across the EU were 25% higher than in 1990, which confirms the upward trend in emissions in 2014.
In that time, sales of new diesel passenger cars has declined in recent years, the share of diesel fuel used in road transport (including freight transport, heavy vehicles) continues to grow. It is more than 66% of the total fuel sales to road transport in 2015, compared to 51% in 2000.
The share of renewable energy in transport in the EU increased from 6.7% in 2015 to 7.1% in 2016, below the target of 10% for 2020. While only three States (Austria, Finland and Sweden) have already reached the goal of 10%.
However, it is transport which is the main source of environmental noise. He also remains a significant source of harmful air pollution, particularly through emissions of nitrogen dioxide and particulates.
But, paradoxically, the reduction of vehicles with internal combustion engines (especially diesel engines) does not improve the situation. 4 Dec trade Association Fuels Europe said that according to her research, the gradual transition from diesel fuel to cars with zero emissions, almost no effect on air quality in cities by 2030. For what then did they fight for?
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These studies were made by the order of the British supplier of aerospace data Aeris, who based their simulation on actual emissions data provided by engineering and environmental consultants Ricardo. These studies show that the system is necessary, based not only on tailpipe emissions of cars, but also on the analysis of the entire life cycle of transportation, including the production of batteries. Because of this, the atmosphere gets toxic nitrogen oxide NO2.
However, the main paradox consists in the fact, said the Director of the Fuels Europe John Cooper, what if we start from the simulation Aeris, turns out that there is virtually no difference in the impact on the population and NO2 pollution, in cases when old vehicles are replaced with new diesel engines compatible with Euro-6. And when they are replaced by electric vehicles with zero emissions. That is the main threat to the environment is on vehicles with internal combustion engines, and old cars. That Ukraine sounds very revealing, because according to our source, the average age of cars on the market, recently started to increase again and is now about 20 years. At the same time, the average age of cars on EU roads in 2015 was 10.7 years, according to the manufacturers ‘ Association ACEA.
Mr. Cooper believes that the emissions from diesel engines that meet Euro 6, comparable to the emissions of electric vehicles ( through the whole cycle of their production). A senior analyst at Aeris Chris Bucak explained this conclusion by the fact that by 2030 the main source of particulate matter, will not cars as such, but tires, brake pads and the road surface itself.
Focusing on the carbon emission and electric vehicles, all somehow forgotten about the alternative fuels: biofuels, natural gas and biogas, synthetic fuels and other energy sources for engines. And also about other factors of environmental pollution.
Therefore, the international road transport Union (IRU) urges the European Commission (EC) to transfer the debate from “zero emissions” with “carbon neutrality” to encompass the whole cycle of the life cycles of harmful emissions. The current approach, endorsed by the EU are set out in the Directive on clean vehicles 2030 CO2 standards for cars and vans. The method takes into account only the emissions resulting from fuel consumption, not the emissions released during fuel production. In the case of electric vehicles, ignored emissions from the production and recycling of batteries. And do not take into account whether or production of renewable electricity (from solar or wind farms) or not. The exception is the use of vehicles on natural gas, if the fuel on the basis of biomethane.
Mathias Majd, which is headed by the IRU to the EU, said: “it is important to recognize the potential of decarbonizing internal combustion engines running on renewable liquid or gaseous fuels. We must also take this into account when it comes to CO2 standards for heavy goods vehicles (HDV) as commercial vehicles will continue to largely depend on combustion technologies for another decade.” That is why, in the opinion of Mr. Mudge, you cannot focus only on electric vehicles. This prevents investment in other alternative fuel sources and development.
So, it would seem unequivocal movement towards electric cars in Europe, not so sure. On the one hand, for the extension of its influence of fighting oil companies. With the other car manufacturers don’t want to abandon the internal combustion engine, in which was invested much money. In addition, a full transition to electric vehicles, could change the balance of power in the European car market. And famous brands, not unreasonably afraid of electric beginners.
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