The period of the winter holidays and vacations — a great time to travel by car.Elena Alekseeva
The weather gives us new surprises. In some regions of Russia the Dec pretends to October, no snow, and the weatherman shrug — reliably predict the weather they day two or three, and the rest is only an approximate forecast. It in the centre of Russia expects the cold to minus 5 °C, snow and everything related charms. And, for example, in the far East have long reigns winter, in the Chuvash Republic held an icy rain, and in the North of Komi schoolchildren even canceled classes because of 35-degree frosts.
To properly prepare for the journey, it is enough to recall the conditions in which it can take place: short daylight hours, poor visibility in the snowfall, slippery roads, increased likelihood of breakdowns due to low temperature, hard starting of engine after a long stop, as in the case of diesel engines also the danger of filling is not corresponding to the temperature of the fuel with subsequent precipitation of paraffin in the tank and fuel system, said technical Director of the Federal mediation MATER evacuation and technical assistance Denis Golosun.
First you need to check the oil level in the engine and transmission, antifreeze, brake fluid and fluid for power steering. If necessary, refill or change them. In cases where approaching deadline for their replacement, better to do it preemptively, before the start of the trip. You should carefully listen to all the noises and vibrations, to recall pending later replacement parts leaking shock absorbers, whistling belts and other things. All that “rumbling, but more like” should replace before you go on a long journey. Attention, especially if you go to the regions with severe cold, must be given to the “gum”: hoses, belts, seals, and dust boots CV joints, etc. Also makes sense to evaluate the remaining resource of brake pads, if necessary, replace them or at least take a spare set with you.
If all you don’t have time or enough experience, go to services and make a comprehensive diagnosis of the engine and the chassis.If all you don’t have time or enough experience, go to services and make a comprehensive diagnosis of the engine and the chassis.
It is necessary to inspect the ventilation system and heating of the cabin, because of its ability to effectively defrost glass or to eliminate them from fogging depends on the visibility, and therefore safety. Therefore, it is necessary to clear the box air flow units, to assess the condition of the cabin air filter and, if necessary, replace it. Before departure it is necessary to measure the pressure in all four wheels and the spare tire and inflate them to the recommended. And of course — to survey the whole lighting — from the headlamps and fog lamps to turn signals and brake lights. Pro tip — if you burned one bulb, it is better to replace the pair. First, the probability that the second is at the end and a long journey can bring. And secondly, if we are talking about the lamps of a passing light, it is quite possible that the new bulb will Shine noticeably brighter than the old. And it is highly desirable before going to wash the car — ride will be nicer.
What’s in the trunk?
If you go to remote from civilization or uncrowded space, it is dokatki, which today are equipped with a car, grab a full size spare, even though it takes up more space. And, of course, the car needs to be a tool necessary for changing wheels, — wheel wrench and proper Jack, and it is not regular, and more comfortable hydraulic. Is also set for self-repair tire and compressor. It is also worth to stock up on fuses and light bulbs of all denominations, spare drive belt mounted units, clamps, duct tape. It is useful to have a spare wiper blades, spark plugs and filters to anywhere in the wilderness where suitable find unlikely, not to be faced with insoluble problems.
Editorial staff Jack Datsun mi-DO is bent at the first attempt poddomkratit car. From July 2016, all Datsun complement more reliable jacks.Editorial staff Jack Datsun mi-DO is bent at the first attempt poddomkratit car. From July 2016, all Datsun complement more reliable jacks.
And, of course, useful universal tool — kit the most popular wrenches, screwdrivers and pliers. Separately it is necessary to take care of some stock nezamerzayki and engine oil “in topping up” — at least in liter jars, and on machines with diesel and even anthelia for the DT — in case of refuelling at questionable gas stations.
What else do I need to bring? Flashlight, high-quality wires for the “booster”, a reflective vest and warning triangle. From small things, which won’t take up much space, matches, rags, and work gloves. All this must be placed so that if necessary it was possible to get without removing from the trunk the rest of the stuff. Of course, there must be a fire extinguisher and first aid kit, which can be supplemented with cold-medicine. Metal canister with fuel “in extreme cases” will be useful too.
It would be nice to take care of the arrangements for the evacuation and “Slovakian” — that is about a spade and not a toy, and a full, metal. If it is not included in the trunk, you can slightly shorten the handle, and, of course, we should not forget about strong rope. Need at least a good tow, which will help to hold on the faulty machine to the service or the nearest civilization, and in which case and pull out the car from snow captivity. However, the better to acquire a dynamic sling or, as it is called, rynkowym cable. And along with salami mount for it. By the way, even before leaving is to figure out where the towing eye is, or where and how is mounted the tow hook and where it is placed in the machine in the transport position.
Depending on the route of travel may need snow chains — for example, in the mountains a mandatory requirement of their presence can be provided by the legislation of the country in which you travel.Depending on the route of travel may need snow chains — for example, in the mountains a mandatory requirement of their presence can be provided by the legislation of the country in which you travel.
And not to forget about ourselves
Take care of the car, we must not lose sight of the fact that can be useful to yourself on a long trip: sunglasses, car charger for gadgets, perhaps a Converter for 220 Volts, heated mug, wipes, pillow for neck, if you want to take a NAP, and off-line Navigator with the necessary set of cards (even if the machine has a built-in), sometimes it is useful to take a paper map or Atlas. Stock up on your favorite music, toys, books and cartoons for children. By the way, learn about the work of cellular communication and Internet access on the itinerary and the destination.
And, of course, you need to have in the car, warm clothes and anything that will help to keep warm in case of emergency stop, breakdown or accident, starting with a thermos of hot tea or coffee to portable gas oven or burner. Nice to take with a small suhpaek like sandwiches, chocolates, nuts or muesli bars. No doubt, you need to have in the car the supply of drinking water.
And finally. If you are traveling with company on several cars, think about the relationship — for example, portable radios. They are great to facilitate the coordination in the group and will help in the road and at stops.
And most importantly, don’t forget to bring all necessary documents and insurance!
Thanks for the help in preparing the material specialists of the Federal aggregator evacuation METR