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Which crossover is better actually: with all-wheel drive or front?

4x4s have better traction and handling, 4×2 less expensive to buy and to maintain. I think that all the differences? Not at all.Sergei Zinoviev “Behind the wheel”

Crossovers klassificeret as a cross between car and SUV — the half-forgotten term meaning “sports utility vehicle”. If you simplify a station wagon (or truck) terrain. Increased permeability was initially expressed by the presence of all-wheel drive and ground clearance of 180 to 200 mm as a minimum.

In the evolution of the crossovers there are also hatchbacks and coupes terrain, getting a “commercial” names, cross-hatch and cross-coupe. Crossovers with frame bodies are extremely rare — in most cases, they are now designated as outside or coupe (both options are rather conventional). And the number of models of this genre continues to decline.

Now we have a market full of dozens of models of crossovers of all sizes with a monocoque body. It is still a very sought-after commodity, and most of them are 4×4 version and 4×2.

Useful volume

This parameter is a mono – and all-wheel drive versions of the same crossover is nearly identical (in some cases, the 4×4 slightly less than the trunk). Separate issue: do crossovers the advantage of a useful volume in comparison with the classical universals — with equal dimensions? A direct comparison shows that station wagons are more spacious: the cabin parity, but the trunk is usually much more.

This is due to the differences in the layout, but in the world to find wagon with the trunk, as, for example, the Nissan Juke. Be universal no one will buy! And the Jook was a queue. In fact, the popular Hyundai Creta, Renault Kaptur or Mitsubishi ASX the volume of the Luggage compartment is not very far from his left. In the model the role of the car for the whole family, with children, scooters and strollers, they are definitely inferior to conventional wagons and even many hatchbacks! But ground clearance — Russians ‘ love — takes for us. The higher you sit, the better you can see the pits on the roads.

Tricks of the trade. From Crete (pictured left) with the body length 4270 mm stated the trunk at 402 litres, from Rio X-Line (pictured right) length 4240 mm, the trunk of 390 liters ground clearance is the same — 190 mm. But Creta the crossover and Rio hatchback. Price Crete (March 2020) starts with 972 thousand, Rio — c 889 thousand.Tricks of the trade. From Crete (pictured left) with the body length 4270 mm stated the trunk at 402 litres, from Rio X-Line (pictured right) length 4240 mm, the trunk of 390 liters ground clearance is the same — 190 mm. But Creta the crossover and Rio hatchback. Price Crete (March 2020) starts with 972 thousand, Rio — c 889 thousand.

However, you’ve got to understand: the crossover for the whole family size In the class, hard to find, but since the C-class appear and correct the trunk — like the Nissan X-Trail or Skoda Kodiaq.

Urban essence

Marketers have positioned crossovers inexplicably. According to the advertisement, this cars are for off-road. Comes to the ridiculous — the Qashqai is a casual storming the mountain cliffs. At the same time, UAZ Patriot manage to present as a vehicle for the city. His flow under 20 l in city conditions!

Let’s leave aside the permanent all-wheel drive with razdatki and ponerinae is an endangered species that mass already gone. The society is in the process of urbanization, so that the crossover is, first and foremost, vehicles for the city and its citizens. Even frame Land Cruiser for obvious reasons we keep seeing in the cities and in the villages — only transit.

For this reason, and the ride height of many crossovers is not a crossover. Citroen C3 Aircross and Lifan X60, for example, say about 170 mm — in reality, measurements in the area of protection and when loading will receive about 150. Ordinary value at which the asphalt must leave with a known precautions.

Surprises all-wheel drive

Urban essence perfectly highlights the most common crossovers diagram all — wheel drive- the rear axle automatically connects the multiplate clutch. Construction joints vary. Models can be individual features in the form of symmetrical and asymmetrical all-wheel drive, interruptible or uninterruptible systems protivosokovmi and stabilization, the presence or absence of modes of “dirt” and “snow”. But, anyway, 90% of the crossovers are made with the use of this scheme.

Well-known the possibilities and limitations of this 4×4. The main and common drawback — clutch overheat from prolonged slippage. Some sooner, some later, but in any case it makes impossible race through mud, snow, sand. There are more advanced design — for example, volkswagenaudi Haldex coupling, but its limit is very modest. Variations of the limited slip differential improves off-road qualities are very rare and live more often in the higher price categories. But these machines also bought not in order to plow through the dirt.

Such short hurdles — the limit of the crossovers that have all-wheel drive is based on the coupling. On the road connecting the rear axle very handy. But the clutch may require you to stop for cooling.Such short hurdles — the limit of the crossovers that have all-wheel drive is based on the coupling. On the road connecting the rear axle very handy. But the clutch may require you to stop for cooling.

Is there any good 4×4 at a constant dwelling in the city? From the point of view of controllability and impact on safety on slippery surfaces — Yes (if every year you to adjust the similarity collapse). In some cases, all-wheel drive will help you to climb the icy hill. But, hand on heart, that you can perform and front-wheel drive, and even by passenger car type Mazda 3, although with great risk to bend the skirt of the bumper.

Other details

Have a 4×2 has a distinct advantage over the 4×4: ceteris paribus it uses less fuel. Note that for the 4×4 often offer more powerful engines than the 4×2 in this case, the difference in consumption is even more obvious. But increased consumption kompensiruet improved dynamics of dispersal.

If we consider the “crossovers” that do not have four-wheel drive versions (for example, Chery Tiggo 8), then they in the floor in front of the rear seats is definitely not the ledge, under which passes the driveshaft. So second-row passengers will be comfortable, especially if three of them.

The monodrive is definitely a little easier to maintain (Haldex coupling, in particular, require periodic replacement of the working fluid). And monodrive corny fewer items that can fail.

But the main advantage 4×2 — price. For crossovers budget price groups (around one million) is the difference between full and partial power — in the range of 100-200 thousand rubles. The main advantage of a full drive is more likely to successfully rare obstacle, such as a large puddle with a sticky bottom. Is it worth it?

Hot new market Kia Seltos, is positioned as a city car. Sold with front-or all-wheel drive. The price difference between the 4×2 and 4×4: 140 thousand rubles for the version with the mechanics, 150 thousand for the machine.Hot new market Kia Seltos, is positioned as a city car. Sold with front-or all-wheel drive. The price difference between the 4×2 and 4×4: 140 thousand rubles for the version with the mechanics, 150 thousand for the machine.

Emotions and mind

The rational selection of the drive type 4×4 or 4×2 you have to think about the intended mode of operation of the crossover. If he never leaves the metropolis, meaning the full drive bit. Especially if the clutch is combined with a CVT scatty, and such symbiosis is now in Vogue.

Individual forays into the wild? If she is wild, then the standard cross-over four-wheel drive is not an option. Fans of offroad buy other machines. For other types of nature and will fit 4×2. Leaving the river, which you thought were hard to reach, don’t be surprised if after you come over Logan or Solaris. In case of rational approach, the problem is formulated differently: do a crossover? In most cases, no.

But there is still one very important factor: the emotional choice. Here and compare the ramp angles to anything, a choice they are not affected. Otherwise the world would not have clubs of fans of Niva, Subaru and Toyota RAV4!

Photo: “Behind the wheel” and manufacturers

Which crossover is better actually: with all-wheel drive or front?

4x4s have better traction and handling, 4×2 less expensive to buy and to maintain. I think that all the differences? Not at all.

Which crossover is better actually: with all-wheel drive or front?Which crossover is better actually: with all-wheel drive or front?

4x4s have better traction and handling, 4×2 less expensive to buy and to maintain. I think that all the differences? Not at all.

Which crossover is better actually: with all-wheel drive or front?

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