At the entrance — the usual UAZ pickup. The output is a six-wheeled monster on the low-pressure tyres, capable of carrying fifteen tons of cargo over the sticky ground. Testing “Behind the wheel” trigonic Yamal T‑64 is not struck in a dirt the person.Homann Maxim “Behind the wheel”
A magical transformation — when an ordinary car suddenly becomes a robot-transformer — occur not only in films and commercials. Such tricks do in Elektrostal near Moscow, on the Assembly production of company Allspecies. Here become real usual UAZ off-road monsters on the low-pressure tyres. Produce biaxial and triaxial machine, with both two-and four-door cabin. Hence, the alphanumeric marking. Tregony, about which speech will go, is called a T‑64. That is, the wheels — six doors — four.
Yamal T‑64 6×6Ямал T‑64 6×6
Yamal T‑64 6×6
Length / width / height 6650 / 2500 / 2450 mmWheelbase:between the first and second axes 3600 mmbetween the second and third axes 1520 mmPayload:for non-cohesive soils 1000 kgon the dense soil of 1500 kgCurb weight 2900 kgEngine diesel, P4, 16 valves, 2235 cm3; 83,5 kW / 113,5 HP at 3500 rpm;, 270 nm at 1800-2800 rpmMax speed:on paved roads 70 km/hon rough terrain 35 km/hFuel / fuel DT / 80 litersTransmission all-wheel drive (6×6); M5
It all starts with the purchase of a serial pickup UAZ Patriot authorized dealer. Dismantle the cargo Bay, remove the bridges. Standard frame extend and reinforce the mounting points and suspension assemblies.
Gear bridges — “hybrid” because it is used as a private development company under the wheels of large diameter, and the other nodes. The main pair with a gear ratio of 2.78 from military bridge of the Oise, bearings and seals imported, and all the gear and wheel motors borrowed from the MTZ. Your axle, do the weld, and the sleeves of bridges made of very thick oil pipe. Bridges are slow, but the Yamal speed and not needed.
Front set spring firm “Fobos”, providing a lift of the suspension by 50 mm, and used rear heavy duty leaf springs from GAZelle, which holds a special screed. The design turned out very stiff, so the pull of Panara, which was put on the first instances, refused. But wazowski dampers left on them still nobody complained. Experimented with the nodes from GAZ‑66, but while it was not allowed.
Yamal height of almost 2.5 meters. But dry figures do not convey all the greatness of this machine.Yamal height of almost 2.5 meters. But dry figures do not convey all the greatness of this machine.
Drive axles with a ratio of 10.8 and a private development company. There are more high speed, with gear ratio of 8.7. Final drives use either from Oise (the gear ratio of 1.94), or tractor (3,9). Ground clearance — 650 mm. axles with a ratio of 10.8 and a private development company. There are more high speed, with gear ratio of 8.7. Final drives use either from Oise (the gear ratio of 1.94), or tractor (3,9). Ground clearance — 650 mm.
Transfer case attached to the manual transmission, the standard — Dymos (the gear ratio is low transmission 2,542) with an electric drive. To protect the transfer case motor from dirt, it put a protective screen. Here it yet.Transfer case attached to the manual transmission, the standard — Dymos (the gear ratio is low transmission 2,542) with an electric drive. To protect the transfer case motor from dirt, it put a protective screen. Here it yet.
The so-called balance truck includes a second transfer box — from the BTR‑60, with a ratio of 1.00. She has access to the propeller. Spring — from GAZelle, but reinforced with a large number of sheets.The so-called balance truck includes a second transfer box — from the BTR‑60, with a ratio of 1.00. She has access to the propeller. Spring — from GAZelle, but reinforced with a large number of sheets.
Finally, the most interesting: at the heart of the rear suspension is the so-called beam trolley, connected with bridges using four rods. This is a special pride of the founders, she even obtained a patent. The truck has more traction — it keeps the transfer case from the BTR‑60. Box is not rigidly fixed to the frame, and swinging together with bridges. Thanks to this move gimbal small, 15 mm, and they don’t fall out of the slots. Small karmanchiki unique, they are also made to order. All this for the sake of increasing the suspension stroke, which reaches 300 mm! So the wheel is extremely difficult even on the most treacherous gully.
Yamal shod in tires of the company Trecol (ZR, No. 6, 2018): dimension 1350×700 R21, the tire pressure on the ground 0,18–0,25 kg/cm2 (pressure, produced a man — of 0.35 kgf/cm2). If the ATV will pass the leg, not crushed. I will experiment did not, but soon became convinced of overdelicate tires: Yamal accidentally moved our station, and she though henna.
To tame the giant
Pulled out into the street again I remember the cinematograph. I remember the heroes of science fiction franchises spend a lot of time to find a common language with giant robots. Here I am slowly getting used to the dimensions of the Yamal Peninsula. Length — more than six meters — almost 2.5 metres, so the regular side mirrors are not enough, they had to be lowered to see small cars. CEO Allspecial Andrew Trosinenko says that citizens still can’t get used to them šestikolesnym machines. No sports car does not attract as much attention.
Length of the driveshaft going from transfer case to second staff from BTR, is huge. To stretch, had to install two outboard bearing.Length of the driveshaft going from transfer case to second staff from BTR, is huge. To stretch, had to install two outboard bearing.
Springs firm “Fobos” is produced in Elektrostal, so the choice of supplier is obvious. Disc brakes all wheels Allspecial makes himself.Springs firm “Fobos” is produced in Elektrostal, so the choice of supplier is obvious. Disc brakes all wheels Allspecial makes himself.
At the gas station pour the diesel fuel in both tanks: all as on the Patriot. In the future, the Rover will install the extra tank 100 liters — between the cab and cargo platform. Questions about the fuel consumption, the engineers answered evasively — a pier, depends on the conditions of work.
They looked under the hood. There is a 2.2‑liter diesel engine ZMZ‑51432 capacity of 113.5 HP Are shestiklassniki popular in the North, where the engines on heavy fuel is preferred. But still in the range has a petrol engine ZMZ‑409 (128 HP).
Going fast around 50 km/h And still have the feeling that the Yamal hard. It is not his element, with all my guts the car rejects the asphalt.
On large potholes, which the owners of the “cushion” of SUVs diligent circle, Yamal, only rocks. Finally, out in the field and vented the pressure in the tire to road ground 0.5 to 0.3 ATM. Tires are designed for a minimum of 0.2 ATM for the wetland. Tap or button in the cockpit to poison the air from all the wheels, no. As well as automatic paging. It can be set at 100,000 rubles. In the middle lane, this system makes life easier. But in the North, capricious climate and daily temperature drop to twenty degrees, the inside of the tubing of a pumping system of the condensate drops and this often leads to rupture of the tubes.
Composite wings wide, reinforced. It is possible even to walk. Length of loading platform side — 3280 mm, width — 1940 mm. Yamal is able to move away from public roads to the cab and body a team of 10-12 people and take on Board equipment. There are cars with body tank — 1500 litres, kung or drilling rig. The machine can easily go down with a 40 percent slope without much difficulty to climb on them.Composite wings wide, reinforced. It is possible even to walk. Length of loading platform side — 3280 mm, width — 1940 mm. Yamal is able to move away from public roads to the cab and body a team of 10-12 people and take on Board equipment. There are cars with body tank — 1500 litres, kung or drilling rig. The machine can easily go down with a 40 percent slope without much difficulty to climb on them.
The marsh test
Interior — standard patriotiski. Transmission controls the usual rotating washer. Turned once — connected front axle, turned the still — included a reduced number of transmissions. And let’s not be fooled by the labels 2H, 4H, 4L. Three axles, and underbody transfer case has two — regular and BTR‑60 are connected by a cardan. The developers decided that the fewer buttons and levers the better. I agree: put the throttle and went through the fields!
Food is not faster 30 km/h So the ride is noticeably softer and the wheel work easier. Regular steering shaft was changed to the hydrostatic steering as on construction equipment, it facilitates the rotation of the huge wheels. And anyway I know a friend of a Patriot. The tactic is the same: to set the direction and not to hinder the machine to go. The turning radius is great, because we need to unfold in several stages.
Salon sign of a Patriot. Unchanged. Only left to put hour meter.Salon sign of a Patriot. Unchanged. Only left to put hour meter.
In front of the gear selector is the control unit auxiliary heater Eberspächer.In front of the gear selector is the control unit auxiliary heater Eberspächer.
Successfully passing the field crawled to a stream with gently sloping entry and a steep opposite Bank. Yamal not to scare the Ford meter depth or the trench width of five feet. Especially since all bridges — limited slip differentials with the degree of blocking is 75%. Before experimented, put samoloty in two bridges of the three, but now they are involved in all three axes of all the machines is the essential solution.
The first time ferry failed — the rise was too steep. On the second try Yamal, desperately skidding dug high step, further complicating the task. Take a little to the right — there is a deeper, but more gentle departure, and I’m doing it. In the following, almost 45‑percent rise the car up as something very easy. All because none of the six wheels never left the ground. If the car pulls to the ground. The impression that planting Yamal can only be stupidity. That is what that day I did.
Put it in the swamp, not bleed the pressure to 0.2 ATM. Believing in their impunity, and the car sat on the drive axle. Well, in the basic equipment includes electric hoist. “Anchored” behind a tree, and the Patriot himself pulled out — that’s all.
In General, the suburbs all-terrain vehicle I’m not scared. This technique works, as you might guess, on the Yamal Peninsula and in the Arctic, in the far East. Wherever you need high throughput and the ability to carry on viscous soil up to one and a half tons of cargo. The main buyers of the oil, energy, gas, communications.
To date, more than 50 shestiklasnikov. Yamal is the T‑64 four million rubles. The car is serviced wazowski dealers, repair issues, either. The main thing — the availability of a large workshop to shestiklassnik was able to stop off there.
Allspecial produces two-axle vehicles on the basis of the same pickup UAZ Patriot. Off-road capabilities of these machines is much lower than the triaxial. Limited-slip differential is there just in front, and a fierce off-road machine not agree well. The main buyers of farms. Spraying fertilizers on field aircraft they expensive, conventional SUV on muddy field will not pass, and Yamal is an easy walk. The load capacity of the vehicle is 800 kg on solid ground or 650 kg for non-cohesive. That is, he is willing to take on Board the fertilizer spreader or sprayer. Dimensions dluhonice (5300 × 2540 × 2670 mm) allow it to move and on the asphalt roads. The main competitor — the company “Trekol” and its model 39041 agro on the basis of azovskogo hunter.
Rushing like a tank, carries half a ton and can serve dealers of UAZ
No automaticky wheels
All-terrain vehicle Yamal, T‑64 6×6 — UAZ Patriot to fierce betterorganized Yamal T‑64 6×6 — UAZ Patriot to fierce, bezdorozhyu: Yakubov Konstantin
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