Long road by car — a heightened attentiveness, and responsibility. The right choice of tyres removes a fair burden from the shoulders of the driver, although does not negate the fact that driving need to be focused 100% of the time.Cyril Mileshkin “Behind the wheel”
Winter in Russia is not conducive to travel and tourism for its climate, but pushes it to long new year holidays and vast expanses with thousands of interesting places. A year sure is a lot of drivers who first decided to winter road trip. When planning it is useful to devote time to the “footwear” of the machine.
So, winter tyres are of two types: studded and non-studded. The last is vulgarly called differently: “Velcro” or friction. They, in turn, are divided into models for soft European winters and “real” winter. For Russia (except southern regions) fits the second type. All-season tires can be recognized by the tread pattern with a smaller number of blades than pure winter tyres. Gives them and marking on the sidewall, where the symbols are all seasons, not just winter.
To exclude, you can’t leave
Travel outside of Russia is more or less clear. The use of studded tires in most European countries is prohibited by law. “Nail” in the tires you can go no further countries of the former Soviet Union or North into Scandinavia.
In our country, documented only prescribed the mandatory use of winter or all season tyres during December, January, and February. And without the correction for the real temperature and climate of the region as a whole. As “compensation” for such crooked written measure — the lack of penalty for its non-compliance.
All-season tires immediately dismisses. The statement that this tire works poorly in both summer and winter, of course, somewhat exaggerated, but in General has a justification. Such models can be recommended only to those who leaves out entirely the southern regions. And they do not travel in the mountains or hedging themselves in such attacks chains. If to speak about winter travel even from Voronezh to the South, then to guarantee the safety of these tires can’t.
We will not be so radical in relation to non-studded models for soft European winter, but are obliged to warn. They are ground to work with very small frosts and low leverage. Their career guidance — cold asphalt, shallow wet snow, rain. On the ice they couldn’t do anything.
Such tires can be put on the car in the South, with a little more risk in Moscow. But in the capital every winter it happens consistently a few outstanding days: blizzards, ice, uncleared streets. But a long journey is furnished not guess. Once again not to worry, we recommend “light” winter tires are not considered.
Iron vs rubber
There are two types — studless “Velcro” Scandinavian type, sharpened by the snow and ice, studded model. We start from the fact that the road we clean is imperfect, and hope for the best possible option is not necessary. In addition, for example, in the North-West of the country, we are experimenting with road maintenance in the Nordic style — under Packed snow. It means that the conditions can be very far from the asphalt of his native city.
Contrary to popular stereotype, studded model is not always better “sticky” on ice. The advantage of these nails is that they consistently cling to the ice at any temperature. From the friction of the tires have a different picture. – Zero temperatures, they work worse studded counterparts, in extremely cold over -20…-25°C — better. Numerous slots-slats know. To think that the tires are not able to exceed the coupling properties of metal spikes — delusion. So before you go think about what temperature you expect. Even the journey to the North of Scandinavia could be comfortable and without thorns.
The disadvantages of studded tires
Have studded models obvious flaws. They are more noisy, have a little more stopping distance on asphalt, the car they less accurately controlled. Well, increased wear of the pavement, if you care. In this regard, “Velcro” would be more comfortable, and on the pavement still safer.
In addition, the bus “nail”, losing over time your iron does not turn into friction with all of their advantages, because the tire was designed to work with spikes. In this respect, the life cycle of non-studded rubber may be longer.
Of course, everything said in the previous paragraphs applies to models of the same price level one class. If you compare tires from different poles of the market, it can be paradoxes: dear “studding” will make noise on the level of budget “Velcro”, or, for example, the cheapest model with the “nails” will not be able to beat on the ice for pedigree of “Scandinavian”. Here is another tip: do not skimp on tires! Once they can save you at least a car like the max — life.
The recommendations “Behind the wheel”
- If you are more important than acoustic comfort and peace of mind for the behavior of the car on the pavement, put it in studless tires. Fear the appearance of ice at moderately cold temperatures? Your choice of spikes.
How to improve the permeability of the car, read here. Going on a road trip, learn the laws of neighbors. In many European countries the presence in the trunk of the car snow chains — a prerequisite for entry to different sections of roads.Photo: “Behind the wheel”