no image

These Cars you have not seen! The first test of the new “loaves”

There are not so many cars that with minimal changes produced since the middle of last century. One of them — Ulyanovsk “loaf”, which this year turned 60 years old. In honor of this significant date issued exclusive commemorative version. The authors of “Behind the wheel” were the first who tested it.Yuriy Timkin “Behind the wheel”

That “loaf” has increased the retirement age, many will take with enthusiasm. It is appreciated for its simplicity, capacity, high permeability and a modest price — the basic version costs 646 590 rubles. Other AWD minivans for the money.

Tinting gave the car a special charm: a ready character for the cartoon “Cars”!Tinting gave the car a special charm: a ready character for the cartoon “Cars”!

UAZ‑220695-511-04

Length / width / height / base 4390 / 1940 / 2064 / 2300 mmweight/total weight 1995/3070 kgEngine diesel, R4, 16 valves, 2693 cm3; of 82.5 kW / 112 HP at 4250 rpm and 198 N·m at 2500 rpmMaximum speed of 127 km/hFuel / fuel : AI‑92 / 77 lfuel Consumption at 80 km/h 11.2 l/100 kmDriveline all-wheel drive; M5

Familiarity with the parent

Alexey V. Vinokurov at age 85, remembers all the nuances of the development of the first “loaf”.Alexey V. Vinokurov at age 85, remembers all the nuances of the development of the first “loaf”.

I regularly visit to Oise and, not without pleasure to notice that with every visit, the plant became more well-groomed and well-maintained — about the devastation of a decade ago almost nothing like. A favorite place on the other side of the fence — factory Museum, which contains a nice collection of the Ulyanovsk cars. There today I have an appointment with Alexey V. Vinokurov, former lead designer of the Oise. We walked around the Museum and stopped at a van UAZ‑450, the first “loaf”.

— Even when he was a student of Gorky Polytechnic Institute, I learned that in Ulyanovsk working on a new car. The party is instructed to begin production of the delivery van and ambulance. And because of its design Department at Oise did not yet exist, the development has involved multiple structures. Design worked in the US under the direction of Yuri Aronovich Dolmatovsky. The original version of the body, with a humpbacked roof and flat windscreen, was rejected. Such a machine was not part of the four stretchers, and it categorically did not suit the customer. The project had to be processed, and it turned out… what happened. Descended another guideline is to use the chassis of the GAZ‑69. To put monogamy body, we had to build the frame and install the other spring. But where it was more difficult to construct a steering transmission for cars with cabover layout it needs to be quite different. You did it! UAZ‑450 was planning to start production in 1957, but did not — on the conveyor the car stopped a year later. Almost immediately it is popularly called “the loaf”. By the way, I know which decision I’m proud of most? Hidden in the back, right behind the driver-side door, spare wheel, and Alexei V. tapped the bodywork of the show car.

This is the first trademark of the Oise, developed specifically for the output of the model 450.This is the first trademark of the Oise, developed specifically for the output of the model 450.

On the side of the jubilee car — sticker, stylized under the old logo.On the side of the jubilee car — sticker, stylized under the old logo.

Another interesting feature is the lack of side door the passenger compartment. It was a mandatory rear flaps. Additional right door appeared only eight years later, with the launch of upgraded version UAZ‑452. Could one then think that with minimal modifications, this car will hold on the line until our days?

Crunch-sadness

Lasted. And passed all the stages, dosri to the status of classics of the genre. Tested by time, she still enjoys demand from foresters and fishermen‑hunters. And as a “nurse” in rural areas is still irreplaceable. Who designed jubilee “loaf”? You want the target audience to pay for it 111 000?

At Oise have no doubt that shoppers will find. Released last year anniversary of Hunter customers have bought with enthusiasm — came to him and wealthy audience like a outlet! By the way, the hunter “loaf” of its two-tone body color: gray-green bottom, white top. The color gave the car a special appeal. A ready character for the cartoon “Cars”!

Seat, received a few years ago, the restraints and longitudinal adjustment, very easy — at least compared to the former. Covered functional fabric with water-repellent Teflon impregnation — it provides increased wear resistance.Seat, received a few years ago, the restraints and longitudinal adjustment, very easy — at least compared to the former. Covered functional fabric with water-repellent Teflon impregnation — it provides increased wear resistance.

In the passenger compartment — seven separate chairs and table where wisowaty like to arrange get-togethers.In the passenger compartment — seven separate chairs and table where wisowaty like to arrange get-togethers.

Pointer and scale are clearly visible, and to identify indications of electronic display, you have to bend over.Pointer and scale are clearly visible, and to identify indications of electronic display, you have to bend over.

And UAZ were honored-to switch to single ignition key and a new door handle. Long overdue. But to the Central locking system in Ulyanovsk and is not Mature enough, as well as to conditioning. On the street almost tridtsatnik in the cabin even hotter…

I was sweating, but this old-school salon austerity take for granted. In the driver’s seat closely. Left elbow rests on the door, and the right stopping block of the engine compartment. Huge bagel is not regulated in any way. Sparkle metal outright the many levers of the transmission. Airbags there is not expected. Over this time the interior is powerless. And Yes, the cabin is nothing gives “ubileinoe” machines. Why not at least covered the front panel with enamel the color of the body?

The engine ZMZ‑409 comes to life with a familiar shudder, but it works smoothly. Motor weaker patriotismo (112 vs 135 HP), but this is not really sorry — “loaf” for rapid transportation is not available. One of the reasons — disgusting 5-speed manual, which the Ulyanovsk purchased from a Chinese company BAIC. First gear off, move from fifth to fourth on the first attempt does not work. Double squeezing and blipping not always help. While swarming, the fourth is irrelevant, it is necessary to stick the third.

Unusual to see a hard worker-worker in dress uniform. He’s coming!Unusual to see a hard worker-worker in dress uniform. He’s coming!

With this box on public roads to ride simply dangerous. To Chinese mechanics earned as it is necessary, it must be regulated. And this is the time and money. Might be better just to buy the correct nodes? A good box will cost more for a few thousand, but drivers don’t have to spend money on fine-tuning. Yes and why — on the new machine?

The complaints in Ulyanovsk listen. For example, in response to criticism of the rotting bodies of UAZ was generous to new cataphoresis the soil of the American company PPG — apply it may. This allowed twice to raise the level of corrosion resistance. Thanks sulfamic acid soil possesses high penetrating ability, better lies on the edge of the metal and fills in the hidden cavity. You see, until the box gets.

The border of the two callers handled carelessly. For a memory machine could try.The border of the two callers handled carelessly. For a memory machine could try.

The rotary vents were replaced with new sliding shutters lock.The rotary vents were replaced with new sliding shutters lock.

“Loaf” has gained the handle of the new sample and a single key.”Loaf” has gained the handle of the new sample and a single key.

On the track “loaf” fidgets. The wheel in the zero position walks almost a half turn. Responses to taxi — with theatrical pauses. At speeds above 90 km/h the car extends the dynamic corridor so that the instinct of self-preservation forces us to slow down. And to the mythical accelerate to maximum speed 127 km/h wishes and did not.

But the energy consumption of the chassis is excellent. Fossa? Pit? To go around is optional. On the fingers of one hand can be counted machines that can sharashit on the bumpy road with such equanimity. That’s the secret of people’s love for the car in the Outback! And outside of the asphalt “loaf” is simply incomparable. Due to the microscopic overhang and the huge suspension travel it overcomes most of the obstacles at the rear drive. Stitched with soft clearing after rain ruts, I hooked up the front axle and the lower gear only in a very bad place, and forced locking rear transverse differential (included in standard equipment) not used even once — there was no need.

UAZ decided to exploit offrono theme — autumn cake “loaf” version of the Trophy. In addition to the rear lock it will get angry BF Goodrich tyres, expedition roof rack with a ladder on the roof and protective exterior colour. So enthusiasts should wait for a fresh “bread” — perhaps he will be the more correct investment. Any significant upgrades veteran to expect naively. To maintain consumer interest in the car Ulyanovsk are planning a variety of special versions. So, you never know, maybe in five years I will run on the modification, devoted to the 65th anniversary of the “loaf”.

Living classic! The build quality leaves much to be desired

These Cars you have not seen! The first test of the new “loaves”of These Cars you’ve ever seen! The first test of the new “loaves”Photo: Konstantin Yakubov

View all the photos and videos that are popular with our users.

Subscribe to motorsports on our channel in Yandex Zen

Залишити відповідь