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V12 engine with a gun — there were some trucks in the USSR!

The scale of production trucks, the Soviet Union occupied one of leading places in the world.Sergey Kanunnikov “driving”Expert

In the Soviet Union, the trucks were the main vehicles. Them in huge quantities produced giant, large, medium and small plants.

Almost every citizen of the Union one way or another at least once in life faced the most massive models. Someone studied on Gas in driving school, others worked behind the wheel or served as drivers in the army. Well, someone just loaded in the back of the furniture, moving to a new apartment.

Some models were so massive and produced them for so long (one not always, but almost always coincide with others) that they knew in almost every, even the most remote village of the Union. Some of the famous cars that have become a landmark not only for the Soviet automobile industry, but, in fact, for the whole country.

Here, of course, not all the massive trucks of the Soviet Union, but some of the most notable and significant in the history of our industry.


The most massive pre-war trucks were unpretentious (and now legendary) lorry (load capacity 1.5 t) — GAZ-AA (first NAZ-AA), which under license from Ford did from 1932 To 1938, a part of the machine with 3.3-litre engines of 50 HP instead of the previous version in the 40 HP officially named GAZ-MM. The lorry went through the war and was removed from production is not immediately after the Victory. In addition to the Gorky car plant were collected in Moscow, Rostov-on-don, and after the war until 1949 — in Ulyanovsk. Produced a little less than 1.1 million cars.


Least known, and before the war, and especially respected for the payload was traitance ZIS-5, the production of which began in 1933. put On the car the 73-strong engine working volume of 5.5 l, and the last, post-war, the Moscow machine, named ZIS-50, — 90-strong.

ZIS-5, he’s the male, in addition to the factory ZIS C 1942 was released Ulsis in Ulyanovsk, and from 1944 and Uralzis in Miass. The car has done many modifications to the Urals — right up to 1958. Total produced more than 860 thousand copies, some worked in the early 1970s.


GAZ-51 — the symbol of post-war revival of the country and the champion by quantity of issued copies for the whole Soviet history: from 1946 to 1975 has made more than 3.5 million cars of various modifications. A little more than 14 thousand GAZ-51 gathered at the Irkutsk Assembly plant, and the rest in dark. Vehicle load capacity 2500 kg with the six 75 HP gradually upgraded (early vehicles had, for example, wood, metal cabin), but the basis was unchanged. On the chassis GAZ-51 was making dump trucks, tractors, special vehicles and of course the famous “long-nosed” buses that were built about half a dozen plants across the country. And the GAZ-51 is nice in that it was released abroad in China, North Korea and Poland.


A little later than the GAZ-51 in 1947, the Assembly line in Moscow began to go the truck ZIS-150. Machine capacity 4000 kg, in fact, was brand new. Drivers impressive and spacious cabin and a 5-speed transmission, air brakes, and, of course, the engine power output of 90 PS (later 95 HP). Prior to 1957, produced almost 780 thousand trucks of various modifications. Then, up to 1965, released 380 thousand significantly upgraded, but it looks like the ZIL-164. Tractors and trucks were built in Georgia under the name KAZ. Copies of ZIS-150 was made in China.


Landmark — the country’s first production diesel truck yaz-200, huge load capacity 7000 kg, appeared in 1947. And the prototype with cabin American Mack has collected in 1944. the car was a two-stroke diesel made by American license 4-cylinder, displacement 4,65 liters, 110 HP prior To 1950, the city collected just over 1800 yaz-200, then the production transferred to Minsk, where MAZ-200 in several modifications were made until 1966.


The first postwar car of the increased passability of the plant named after Stalin became the ZIS-151, production of which began in the fall of 1948. Three-axis machines with rear wheels to the saddle of 1958 made almost 200 thousand. But more famous was the upgraded ZIL-157, in which Moscow stood on the conveyor from 1958 to 1982. It’s hard to find someone who served in the army in the decades, and somehow not faced with the machine, enjoying an excellent reputation for capability and reliability. Triaxial ZIL-157 load capacity 4500 kg in-line six-cylinder 104-horsepower (later 110-HP) engine in Moscow gathered more than 797 thousand, about 160 thousand was made from 1977 to 1991 at the plant WAS in Novouralsk.


Ulyanovsk “loaf” has recently marked the 60th anniversary (!) conveyor life. Of course, compared with the 65-horsepower the UAZ-450, production of which began in 1958, the current cars are very different. But the basis of the layout and style was laid back then. Since the 1960s, in parallel and doing family UAZ-451 with leading rear axle. Later the family of “loaves” and “tadpoles”, as once called flatbed trucks UAZ-452, UAZ-3741 UAZ-3303, has grown huge number of modifications.

Experienced MAZ-500 and MAZ-503Опытные MAZ-500 and MAZ-503

Revolutionary for the country was a family of trucks MAZ-500 — the first serial Soviet beskapotniki with attached shower. Small batches of the cars V6 diesel with 180 HP built 1961, mass from 1963. Flatbed trucks, dump trucks, tractors (including “eight” 270 HP) was produced until 1990. Gathered over 330 thousand copies.


Not in the USSR, city, village, country, where would not know the ZIL-130. Drivers appreciated the car for power, endurance and reliability. ZIL-130 was developed from the mid-1950s, a series launched in 1964. First pointed out the lifting capacity of 5,000, and later 6,000 kg. Gasoline V8 volume of 6 liters and power of 150 HP was very reliable, however, cost-effectiveness, to put it mildly, did not differ. Many modifications in Moscow cars (not including highly modified ZIL-431410) were collected up to 1995, and in the Urals — right up to 2010! Made almost 3.4 million cars.


Giant BelAZ-540 seen alive a few, but knew almost everyone, because in the 1960s he became one of the main symbols of power of the country and its automotive industry. A payload 27 000 kg, then, seemed just fabulous. As the volume V12 diesel 38.8 l, capacity of 375 HP and the first Soviet truck serial automatic transmission. A truck that went into production in 1964, became the ancestor of all known and today, a huge Belarusian mining dump trucks.


Ural-375 in the national economy, and the army has been legally listed SUV with an almost absolute permeability. The first prototypes made based on US prototypes, in Miass collected in the late 1950s. in 1960 did small parties, and in 1961 with car capacity 5000-7000 kg with V8 gasoline power 180 HP put on the conveyor belt. In different versions of the car were built until the 2000s.

GAZ-3302 Gazelles-3302 Gazel

GAZ-3302 GAZelle started producing in 1994, but developed in the USSR (the first five samples collected in 1991), in a long and painful search for the optimal design polutoratonny truck. Simple and cheap GAZ-3302 90-horsepower engine of 2.45 l became one of the main vehicles of the new time and carried the country in other economic relationships. 2014 produced more than 2 million vehicles. The GAZelle collected, in particular, in Irkutsk, Abakan, Semenov, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Czech Republic.

V12 engine with a gun — there were some trucks in the USSR!

The scale of production trucks, the Soviet Union occupied one of leading places in the world.

V12 engine with a gun — there were some trucks in the USSR!

  • The most popular trucks of the Soviet Union we’ve gathered here.

Photo: from archive of the author

V12 engine with a gun — there were some trucks in the USSR!

The scale of production trucks, the Soviet Union occupied one of leading places in the world.

V12 engine with a gun — there were some trucks in the USSR!

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